Ruhr industrial area

Ruhr industrial area

            Decades ago, EmscherRiver in Ruhr region, in western Germany, was one of the most polluted. Parents cautioned their children that they would die if they fell into poisonous stew of sewage and chemical waste. However, today Emscher is the backdrop to over twenty new art installations. The development has been a result of European effort to change blighted industrial into cultural target for tourists and to start a new life into the area. Across the Ruhr area, about one thousand industrial structures have been transformed into cultural venues.

            The Dortmunder U was turned from a brewery to a gallery and Zeche Nordstern was turned into an office space and a museum for model railroads from a coalmine. The region by 2010 had a hundred theaters and a couple of concerts and musical festivals occurring every year. The area is one of the most culturally vibrant in Europe due to its dense population. Confirming the success of the Ruhr transformation program, the European Union chose the area together with its fifty-three cities and 5.3 million inhabitants as the capital of culture in 2010.

            Apart from the creative installations, most of the Ruhr 2010 cultural ventures merge long-term reconstruction efforts seeking to revive a region on the decline since the 70s with cutting-edge art. On top of the financial support that the region receives for being the European capital of culture, the EU is spending 4.4 billion euros on Emscher cleanup for the next fifteen years. The cleanup is the world largest renaturation program.

            The region was once the driver of industrialization and prosperity in Germany but it became notorious for hopelessness, heavy pollution, unemployment upon the closure of the mines with young people seeking for a brighter future elsewhere.

The E-commerce

Securing an e-Commerce Webserver in DMZ

The e-commerce is experiencing an exponential growth and so are the incidents of hacking and data breaches. Previous studies suggest that about fifty percent of enterprises do not use an additional firewall above the default configuration hence are highly exposed to attacks. In 2012, about one hundred and seventy-four data records were compromised, of which the largest share occurred in the online shopping and retail(Kumar and Joshi 27). Notably, application and server firewalls play a crucial role in securing confidential information from Trojans and viruses, as well as other sources of attacks, hence they need to be appropriately implemented and maintained. Creating a DMZ (demilitarized Zone), for computers that require direct communication with the internet, is one of the techniques that is used to reduce the magnitude of cyberattacks. However, placing a server in a DMZ increases the risk of cyber-attacks from the internet computers hence robust security mechanism, such as deploying the best server OS, must be properly implemented and maintained.

Security for e-commerce web servers on DMZ is an area that requires immense focus for an online retail and shopping corporation because e-commerce websites require anonymous or unauthenticated access to increase the number of visitors and potential buyers. Notably, servers placed on DMZ are at an increased risk of attacks because of the complexity of controlling unauthorized access. However, the security of webservers can be enhanced, without negatively affecting the traffic by creating a DMZ Honeynet, which is a network comprising of ‘honeypot’computers. The ‘Honeypot’ computers are designed to lure hackers to track or catch them, or to ensure they do not identify the real network resources. In most cases, the honeynet includes virtual machines installed on one physical computer, and implementation of monitoring and intrusion detection systems to collect information concerning tactics, techniques, and identities of hackers. Thus, hackers’access to the e commerce web server or potential source of threats can be minimized or eliminated, without affecting the traffic.

Host security improvement is another technique of reducing attacks, which is achieved by hardening the server on the demilitarized zone, because DMZ is more unsecure than the internal network. Securityof the server can be enhanced, without reducing accessibility, by disabling all unnecessary activities and running the required ones with the lowest possible privileges, to ensure that strange activities can be detected(Kumar and Joshi 27). In addition, unrequired user accounts should be disabled or deleted and default accounts renamed or allocated different descriptions to disguise them, while robust passphrases and passwords should be implemented on the system to reduce or eliminate unauthorized access. Furthermore, latest security patches and updates should be deployed and security logging enabled to ensure continuous improved protection. Strange activity detection, reduced or no unauthorized access, and continuous improved security can immensely harden the server in DMZ hence lead to few attack incidences, without compromising accessibility.

Security and accessibility of the server in DMZ heavily rely on its operating system. For instance, some server OSs support the use of honeypots to lure hackers, while others do not offer such features (Wassom). Microsoft server 2008 is one of the OSs that enable running of N-tier applications in more than one region to improve availability, as well as enhance a strong infrastructure for disaster recovery. The OS improves availability during a disaster by using Azure Traffic Manager service, which routes incoming traffic to a single primary region during the regular operations but routes requests to a secondary region in case of failure or unavailability. In addition, the Virtual machines on the OS can be used as honeypots to ensure that attackers and hackers cannot easily identify the actual webserver or to enhance their detection or identification. The availability of SQL Server Always On the availability group,a feature for disaster recovery, is a big boost to an e commerce website availability because it provides data backups that are secured by the vendor. Thus, Windows Server 2008 is the best OS system to deploy on a server in a DMZ because it immensely improves security using features, such as VM, and promotes availability by providing the necessary routing and backup infrastructure. The E-commerce

The current increase in e-commerce popularity includes an upsurgeofcyberattacks cases from hackers, as well as a challenge in availability and accessibility of web hosted resources. Implementing a DMZ for the webserver is one of the strategies that are being adopted to ensure that chances of the entire network being compromised are reduced or eliminated. However, placing an e commerce in a DMZ leads to a substantial increase in risk considering the sensitivity of data and large amounts of money involved. Therefore, robust security measures must be adopted without affecting the functionality of the website. An Operating System, such as Microsoft Server 2008, which offers increased number of features, for instance, the availability of multiple Virtual Machine to support the implementation of honeynets, is the best solution to improve website availability and security. 

Works Cited

Kumar, Umesh, and Chanchala Joshi. “Quantifying Security Risk By Critical Network Vulnerabilities Assessment.” International Journal Of Computer Applications, vol 156, no. 13, 2016, pp. 26-33. Foundation Of Computer Science, doi:10.5120/ijca2016912426.

Wasson, Mike. “Run Windows VMs in Multiple Azure Regions for High Availability.” Technical Documentation, API, and Code Examples | Microsoft Docs, 22 Nov. 2016, docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/architecture/reference-architectures/virtual-machines-windows/multi-region-application.

Cloud Computing

Executive Summary

Cloud Computing is a concept that involves providing particular Information Technology solutions that are hosted on the internet, which include Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), among other services. In addition, the technology is marketed as a replacement of the conventional client-server paradigm. As such, Cloud Computing involves a paradigm shift that leads to loss of data control and new issues in security and privacy. The emerging Security and privacy concerns can be attributed to either loss of data control or customer dependency on the Cloud Computing provider. Since Cloud Computing is rapidly growing in popularity, emerging security and privacy should be addressed before the concept acquires a significant market share by adopting a number of particular practices.

Contents

Security and Privacy Issues in Cloud Computing. 3

1.    Introduction. 3

2.    Concerns. 4

2.1.     Typical Issues Associated with Loss of Data Control 4

2.2.     Typical Concerns Associated With Cloud Computing Provider Dependence. 7

3.    Recommendations. 7

4.    References. 10

Security and Privacy Issues in Cloud Computing

1.     Introduction

            In Information Technology, Cloud Computing cannot be considered a state-of-the-art concept, owing to the fact that the idea borrows a lot from the Data Processing Service Bureaus that existed about forty years ago. Nonetheless, in the field of Information Technology, the most popular companies offer or will start to offer-in the near future-Cloud Computing services to a wide range of users that span from individuals to organizations regardless of their size. Google with Google Apps (such as Gmail, Google Calendar, and Google Docs), Microsoft with Azure, and Amazon with EC2 are some of the largest and most popular providers services (Amazon, 2017) (Google, 2017). In a simple definition, the model of Cloud Computing can be described as providing specific Information Technology services hosted on the internet, which include Software as a Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and Platform as a Service (PaaS) (Tejaswi & Guidici, 2011).

            In most Cases, Marketing is based on efficiency and cost, whereby the concept is marketed as a cheap and efficient solution, which is bound to replace the conventional client-server model. However, the model change includes or leads to data control loss, and new issues regarding security and privacy. As such, when implementing and using Cloud Computing in businesses, caution is required to minimize or eliminate chances of either security or privacy compromise. Notably, in Europe, the first major issue in the protection of data occurred in the final years of 1960’s, when a company from Sweden procured data processing services from a service bureau in Germany regardless of different data processing legislations in both countries. With the popularity increasing at a very high rate, it is essential to take note of the resulting risks. In addition, security and privacy issues should be addressed, before Cloud Computing acquires a significant share of the market, due to their importance. According to ENISA (2009), most of the Information Technology and research bodies are conversant with risks associated with Cloud Computing and have documented them through analyses and reports.

2.      Concerns

            According to Gartner (2008), while there is no section of Information and Communication Technology that Cloud Computing does not affect, the two major problems are associated with security and privacy facets of the concept, which involve loss of data control and Provider dependency. CSA (2009) argues that provider dependency and lack of data control can lead to several security and legal issues. Some of the issues can be attributed to management of identity, infrastructure, control of access compliance, management of risks, logging, and auditing, control of integrity, and risks associated with Cloud Computing dependency.  

2.1. Typical Issues Associated with Loss of Data Control

            Some of the typical issues associated with loss of data control include that users possess adequate knowledge regarding the risk of losing control over data and using a third party for data storage on cloud (CEPIS, 2008). As such, most of the clients understand that the Cloud Computing services provider or competitors that procure services from the same provider may interfere with the integrity of data. In that regard, customers do not fully understand processing of their data in terms of time, reason, and the manner of processing. Apparently, such kind of lack of transparency contravenes the requirement of data protection, which guarantees customers the knowledge of any activity regarding their data.

            Data Mining is also another issues associated with procuring data storage services on Cloud; hence, loss of control of the data. A big number of these services vendors analyze client’s data using several techniques of data mining (Microsoft, 2010). The ability by providers to analyze customer’s data can pose immense risk considering the sensitivity of data stored and processed, on cloud, by users.  For instance, some of the social media applications, which entice the user to share aspects of their privacy such as sensitive photos, end up exposing them.

            The manner in which mobile devices share data also creates a massive risk associated with loss of data control. In most cases, mobile devices, due to a limitation in computing and storage capabilities use services hosted on the cloud rather than using locally hosted applications (Gartner, 2008). Therefore, data sharing must involve the cloud due to its reliance on applications hosted their even when such transfer is local, that is, between two mobile devices. As such, Users of such mobile devices expose themselves to an enormous risk due to the assumption that data sharing occurs locally.

            Remote access requirement that comes with Cloud Computing is also a source of concerns associated with loss of data control. According to (Tejaswi and Guidici, 2011), Cloud Computing is a service; hence, must be accessed in a remote manner. However, in some cases, the link between the client and the provider lacks sufficient protection; hence, is exposed to security risks. Some of the security risks associated with the line of transfer include Denial-of-Service attacks, eavesdropping, and DNS spoofing.

            Cloud Computing; hence, Data Control loss is also associated with the risk of making conventional risk management techniques hard to apply or completely inapplicable. Use of Cloud Computing services attracts a model change, which requires state-of-the-art techniques of risk management due to the fact that management of risks and compliance concerns are shared between the internet services provider, Cloud Computing services provider, and the client, regardless of data control responsibilities shifting to the Provider of the Cloud Computing services (CSA, 2009). Nonetheless, Compliance is perceived as one of the essential trust aspects between the client and the provider of the cloud computing services. The fact that data centres can be dispersed over large geographical areas with different regulatory and legislative requirements indicate that there exist an inadequate definition of Compliance.

            Deleting of data hosted in the cloud is also a source of concern due to the difficulty of identifying all copies of electronic material. As such, not all copies of data can be deleted; hence, enforcing compulsory data deletion is also very difficult. Nevertheless, any impending regulation associated with Cloud Computing services should include compulsory deletion but there should be no over reliance on such regulations. The fact that currently, a complete deletion cannot be guaranteed indicates that caution should be observed at the time of collecting and storing data in the cloud (Microsoft, 2010).

            Differences in data protection and privacy rules, in many countries, also pose an enormous risk to the end user. Considering that, is expected to span the entire globe in the near future, lack of uniform legislations will be a major source of concern. Therefore, issues and risks that affect legislations and regulations related to data protection in a certain geographical region must be sufficiently considered even when platforms are hosted on servers in another region with different rules (CSA, 2009).

            Finally, a telecommunication network is required to support operations of the end user of Cloud Computing provider’s services. Therefore, for the operations of the end user to be successful, the telecommunication network must be reliable and secure. However, distinct providers offer Cloud Computing and telecommunication services; hence, theprovider cannot guarantee a secure and reliable network. As such, the Cloud Computing provider cannot guarantee complete security or reliability of services (Gartner, 2008).

2.2. Typical Concerns Associated With Cloud Computing Provider Dependence

            Availability is a primarily concern associated with depending on a particular provider of Cloud Computing. For instance, if the particular provider ceased service provision, maybe due to bankruptcy, data access could be problematic to the consumer. Such problems in data access may translate to potential issues in business continuity of the consumer.

Lack of contractual agreements, in the major services such as GoogleDocs, between the customer and the provider of the Cloud Computing is also a source of major concern (Tejaswi & Guidici, 2011). In cases of incidents or issues, the consumer lacks anything to refer to due to the lack of a contract. Therefore, addressing such issues or incidents can be very problematic to the Cloud Computing customer.

            The size of organizations that offer these services is also a source of issues regarding dependence. Like in the provision of conventional utilities and services, huge providers that deal with small consumers provide Cloud Computing services. As such, in most cases, the consumer must depend with the provider due to the difficulty in changing the large providers. In that regard, conventional services are regulated considering the range of functionality such as coverage and compulsory functions, reliability, pricing, provider’s liability, and pricing, among other factors. On the other hand, Cloud Computing indicates a pattern that suggest Information and Communication Technology security is not necessarily a technical matter but an issue that involves organizations and individuals; hence, includes organizational and human aspects; for instance, contracting, management, and legal enforcement (Microsoft, 2010).

3.      Recommendations

The following recommendations should be considered while addressing security and privacy issues in Cloud Computing:

  1.  The contract between the customer and the provider must adequately define legal compliance and risk management issues as well as enhance transparency as concerns data storage and processing. Such a contract can successfully strengthen the trust between the customer and the provider
  2. The service offered should satisfy the legislation and regulation requirement of the customer as well as enable the consumer to comply with the particular rule.
  3. Issues and risks, which affect legislations and regulations of data protection in a particular region, must be sufficiently considered when platforms of Cloud Computing are hosted on servers in a different area.
  4. The customer and provider’s line of communication must be sufficiently protected to enhance authentication control, integrity, confidentiality and reduce the chances of DoS attacks as well. In that regard, every provider should be obliged to provide an apparent and open specification of the measures adopted to guarantee the communication line security, which should also be based on transparent and open technologies and qualities.
  5. Providers should be compelled to enhance confidentiality of data.
  6. Potential rule regarding the services should include compulsory data deletion.
  7. Since it is a fact that complete data deletion cannot be guaranteed, collection and storage of data needs to be conducted acknowledging that fact.
  8. Customers should consider local backups to guarantee data availability.
  9. Software that enhances local data transfer, without involving the cloud, should be encouraged.
  10. The telecommunication network supporting it should be adequately protected and secured to minimize or eliminate DOS or malware threats.
  11. Sufficient auditing and logging should be offered. In that regard, an external audit is considered essential for a strengthened trust between the customer and the provider as well as promoting the provider’s reputation.
  12. Users should be offered the relevant education regarding the new model, which should improve decision making as concerns these services.
  13. Professionals should possess adequate skills and knowledge to handle new categories of risks.
  14. Considering that, in future; for instance, for balancing customer and providers , it is necessary to evaluate issues and weaknesses of the concept before it acquires a significant market share. The idea should be perceived with dimensions of the expected regulatory and conflict potential relevance. Particularly, relevant limitations and regulations may be appropriate, when a provider of Cloud Computing becomes a member of crucial information infrastructure to prevent takeover by another party.
  15. Study of the fundamental matters and concepts in privacy, security, and informatics as well as their trade-off and impacts as concerns is recommended. Additionally, matters regarding the probable effects of platforms on applications’ validity of certification may also be necessary.   

4.      References

Amazon. (2017). Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) Documentation. Retrieved from https://aws.amazon.com/documentation/ec2/

CEPIS. (2008). CEPIS Statement, Social Networks – Problems of Security and Data Privacy. Retrieved from http://www.cepis.org/index.jsp?p=942&n=963#Social%20Networks

 CSA. (2009). Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Focus in Cloud Computing V2.1. Retrieved from https://wenku.baidu.com/view/88305531b90d6c85ec3ac624.html

ENISA. (2009). ENISA (2009) ‘Cloud Computing: Benefits, risks and recommendations for information security’, European Network and Information Security Agency. Retrieved from http://www.storm-clouds.eu/services/2017/03/enisa-2009-cloud-computing-benefits-risks-and-recommendations-for-information-security-european-network-and-information-security-agency/

Gartner, J. (2008). Gartner: Seven cloud-computing security risks | Network World. Retrieved from https://www.networkworld.com/article/2281535/data-center/gartner–seven-cloud-computing-security-risks.html

Microsoft. (2010). Cloud Computing Security Considerations. Retrieved from http://www.microsoft.com/malaysia/ea/whitepapers.aspx

Tejaswi, R., & Guidici, T. (2011). Windows Azure Platform. Retrieved from http://www.apress.com/us/book/9781430235637

Google. (2017). G Suite – Gmail, Drive, Docs and More. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/apps/ CEPIS. (2008). CEPIS Statement, Social Networks – Problems of Security and Data Privacy. Retrieved from http://www.cepis.org/index.jsp?p=942&n=963#Social%20Networks

Servant Leadership

Introduction

Servant leadership has been linked to many progressive management practices, which are increasingly being seen as important in achieving many organizations’ goals. Sendjava & Pekerti (2010) postulate that servant leadership is a more progressive leadership approach compared to the earlier leadership styles, in which leaders sought power rather than authority. At the bottom-line, servant leadership is about servant hood and not leadership.  It starts with a discovery of an existing need that leads one to seek to fulfil it. The major dimensions include conceptualizing, putting followers first, behaving ethically, emotional healing, empowering followers, helping followers succeed, and creating value for others and the community.

The results from the questionnaire have enabled me realize my philosophy on servant leadership. The questionnaire results indicate that I am strong in exhibiting ethical behavior, conceptual skills, empowering others, and creating value for the community.  On the other hand, I am average on putting the followers first, and helping them grow and succeed. Therefore, my personal leadership philosophy is to develop and possess strong conceptual and ethical traits, and empower followers and create value for the community. I am therefore a leader who understands the goal of an organization, the means to achieve it, and constructively address complex problems that arise. Besides, I would allow followers to solve issues in a manner they feel is best, make their own career decisions, as well as expect them to exhibit high ethical standards.

However, I am surprised by the manners in which some of the servant leadership traits overlap with transformational leadership. This is because I exhibit conceptual skills and empowering others, which is also an important traits for transformational leader. According to Emily et al., (2013) transformational leadership and servant leadership have aspects that overlap, but the main goal of both leadership styles is different. In transformational leadership, the main goal of empowering individuals is to benefit the organization without minding how it will affect them, whereas the goal of empowering individual in servant leadership is to enable them grow, which will help meet other goals of the organization.

The traits of servant leadership have an impact on my leadership style in different manner. For instant, servant leadership requires putting the followers first and helping them grow and succeed. This has impact on my leadership style because, I will have to improve on minding the welfare of the followers and sacrificing my own progress to help them grow and succeed. This is a challenging issue to me because it would be hard for me to sacrifice my own progress, for instant where my family, friends, and associates expect the opposite. I would therefore expect the followers to work hard for their own progress.

However, servant leadership would make me a more effective leader because according to Peter, (2013), this style of leadership requires a good understanding of the organization, enabling others develop new skills, and solving problems in creative ways. Possessing these traits would improve my leadership style, which would make me more effective.

Conclusion

Servant leadership is people-centered. An effective leader must show concern for the progress of others without favoritism. According to Sendjava & Pekerti (2010) organizations are increasingly showing concern for the communities in which they operate, which is being viewed as a way of fostering public relations. Therefore, the need to shift from being egoistic to being people oriented is real. Leaders are being valued by their concern about others and the community, and that is why leaders are inclined to exhibit servant leadership traits. However, servant leaders must develop a system that gives them authority rather than power, which will motivate teamwork and exchange of ideas.

References

Emily M; Mitchell J; Neubert, S; Perry, L; Lisa,  M; Evan W (2013). Servant leaders inspire servant followers: Antecedents and outcomes for employees and the organization. The Leadership Quarterly (24) 316-331

Peter, Y (2013). The servant identity: Influences on the cognition and behavior of servant leaders. The Leadership Quarterly (24) 544-557 Sendjaya, S; Pekerti, A (2010) Servant Leadership as Antecedent of Trust in Organizations. Leadership & Organization Development Journal

Capitalism and Industrialism

Capitalism and Industrialism

According to Reilly, the origin of capitalism was Britain and the reason for this conclusion is the fact that the region was greatly against collective action and people sought to provide for their own families. According to the author, capitalism was fueled by the need for people to live individual lives and to motivate people to work hard so as to sustain their lives. It is essential to note that the nature of capitalism was having two groups of people where there was the elite group in society that had the ability to get whatever it needs. The reason why this group of people was at an advantage is the fact that it had money. The other group of people was the peasants and this comprised people that lacked the financial feasibility required to live high-quality lives. The difference in lifestyle between the groups of people is a clear characteristic of capitalism. Capitalism and Industrialism

Reilly defines the connection between capitalism and industrialization. The author states that industrialization stands for the process where industries increased and from this increase, it was possible to note the changes that the society experienced. There was a clear separating line between the owners of some of these industries and the people that worked in these companies. The people that managed to own these institutions were extremely rich and this is because they managed to convert some of the cheaply acquired raw materials to finished products and sold them at a high price to clients. The profit generated was used to increase their wealth. As for the people that worked in these industries, they went through various challenges and this is because the amount of money that they were paid by the employers was very small thus the standard of life was low. It is essential to note that capitalism outlines the difference in living standards between the rich in society and the poor people. Only a few countries have rejected industrialization (Reilly 130). The entry of industrialization aspects propelled the concept of capitalism and this was only beneficial for the people that could afford some of the luxuries offered by society. However, the situation was quite different for the peasants working in these industries and the reason for this is that they went through challenges such as poor payment and terrible working conditions. Capitalism and Industrialism

I am in line Reilly’s argument regarding capitalism. The fact that he states that capitalism has increased the distance between the two social classes is an important aspect to note and this is because it has affected the current environment negatively. As long as there is this form of imbalance in society, it is rather hard to have a general improved and growing environment. The social stature of each of these groups will make it rather hard for people to collaborate on different projects that might affect them progress effectively. However, I have to note that to some point I really appreciate capitalism. The reason as to why I support capitalism is the fact that without the differences in social classes, the current environment would be experiencing collective action. Collective action is risky for any economic environment. The reason why it is risky because it promotes a culture of laziness where some people will fail to report to work and idle around assured that another group in society will provide for them which is a very detrimental way to approach life. Capitalism and Industrialism

Works Cited

Reilly, Kevin. The West and The World. Harper & Row, 1980.

Ethics in Business

Ethics in Business

Ethical responsibility is the role of every individual and business. After going through The Parable of the Sadhu, one can identify that there are various ethical issues identified. One can apply these ethical issues to the modern corporate environment and thus learn from the impact that they can have on a company or an individual. Moreover, an individual can get to learn of the various constituents that are presented in this case and further note the manner through which standards are violated in the case at hand. Understanding these issues and seeing the manner through which they relate to business and general ethics is important for the improvement of people’s and corporate behavior.

The first ethical principle to review from Paine is the reliability principle. It is very important for people to rely on each other in times of need. In this case it is represented by the ignorance that author showed where he did not take time to take the dying Sadhu to a safe haven where the Sadhu would slowly recover rather than leaving the individual to die in the tough conditions that they were facing. It is only ethical that the author would have made this gesture for he would be at least sure that the Sadhu would be in a better place (McCoy, 2007). The ethical violation while relating to business is where individuals in a given setting might only care about their own issues and that even if a business partner was facing challenges carrying out a particular task then they would not show compassion and help the person. As time has progressed, people have changed and given the fact that most of the world is run in a capitalist manner shows that people are bound to help themselves and ignore the needs of other people.

It is essential to note that the partner of the author, Stephen, was compassionate and did not feel like it was right to leave the Sadhu in the area where he was (McCoy, 2007). He asked for assistance from different people and did not receive any assistance. The action was very stressing for him as he believed in the power of helping people for he too might be in need on a later date. This is an ethical issue to address with relation to individuals and corporates in the contemporary environment. Many are the times when institutions show care for people in the environment (Crane et al., 2019). For example, a company might open up different branches to cater for the needs of people in a given setting. The branches thus work to offer employment to people living in that area. The institution can urge other capable companies to offer the same employment chances but due to stingy nature of the institutions, can only seek to offer employment to people of their same kind and heritage. The case where the people trekking in the reading were of different nationalities shows this. The fact that the Sadhu was of a different nationality was a contributing factor to their lack of compassion and Stephen asks whether they would do the same to people of the same kind. It is ethically unprofessional for people or institutions to carry out activities that only assist them. Corporate Social Responsibility is a positive thing for companies to carry out and the reason for this is that it shows the gratitude of the company and this is another aspect to show. Moreover, people in that area get to show their loyalty. 

Another ethical principle to review in accordance to Paine is responsiveness principle. It holds that it is important for people to respond to the needs of other people. In this case, the people were supposed to respond to Stephen’s plea to assist moving the Sadhu to a safer place but the others did not communicate back to assist. Lack of communication in a group setting thereby worsening a situation that would have otherwise been resolved effectively (Paine, 2005). Moreover, it is important to note that business owners would be left unsure of whether if they had collaborated and communicated well then a particular project would have succeeded much to the satisfaction of each contributor. The same is as seen in the case where the different people opted to pursue their various goals rather than communicate well and manage helping out the Sadhu. After they decided to go on their way, they were left unsure whether the Sadhu would recover or he would die. The lack of assurance is notable in many businesses and the lack of this can slow down a business process. In the case study, the author wonders what would have happened if they had carried the Sadhu for two days back to the hut (McCoy, 2007). Would they have survived the weather or would they have died out of exhaustion. These questions lingered in his mind and he was not sure what the outcome would be.

In the modern environment and in any setting, it is important to combine efforts and the reason for this is the fact that this form of collaboration can lead to the success of a project. Corporations should also help each other out at a time of need where a person might be going through some tough family problems and emergencies (Trevino and Nelson, 2016). An example is in the case of a family member dying. The individual might not have enough money to cater for the funeral expenses. If people in the company came together and contributed to the funeral of the colleague’s family member, then this would assist him or her a lot. Some of these simple gestures are ignored by people while in real essence are supposed to show corporate and individual ethical responsibility. It is also important to note that these actions are pivotal for the growth of a team and creation of new work friendships that can in turn become fruitful in future.

Other corresponding constituents that come from the ethical issues is the ability to resolve problems faster. When a business decides to collaborate with another institution, there is the ability to reach a conclusion and resolution faster. Failure to have any two companies collaborating out of sheer ignorance is very detrimental and this is because it leads to lack of trust and can even have the businesses engaging in unethical behaviors (Werhane, 2019). An example of the stated behavior is where one company might seek to talk bad about another company and the result of this is customers streaming into one company and losing faith in another. The information might be wrong and this can lead to unhealthy competition in the modern environment. It is the responsibility of every business to work together with another for the sake of achieving general industrial growth. Helping each other while still competing is very important in the modern world.

After reviewing the case, one can note that various ethical problems that present themselves. Failure to observe these ethical standards can lead to the failure of a corporation. As time has progressed, the nature of business activities has changed much to the surprise of many people. Ethical responsibility in both a personal and corporate setting is a sure way to see progress in the contemporary world.

References

Crane, A., Matten, D., Glozer, S., & Spence, L. (2019). Business ethics: Managing corporate        citizenship and sustainability in the age of globalization. Oxford University Press, USA.

McCoy, B. H. (2007). The parable of the Sadhu. Phoenix: Phoenix Learning Group.

Paine, L., Deshpandé, R., Margolis, J. D., & Bettcher, K. E. (2005). Up to code: Does your          company’s conduct meet world-class standards?. Harvard Business Review83(12), 122-          33.

Trevino, L. K., & Nelson, K. A. (2016). Managing business ethics: Straight talk about how to do   it right. NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Werhane, P. H. (2019). The normative/descriptive distinction in methodologies of business           ethics. In Systems Thinking and Moral Imagination (pp. 21-25). Springer, Cham.

Tiny Houses

Tiny Houses

Company Description

            The name of the business is Yolanda Tiny Houses Project. The mission of this business is, “Ensuring affordable housing for the underprivileged in society”. For the vision of the company it aims to ensure that by the year 2030, all veterans living in deplorable conditions will move to quality houses. The slogan for the company is “Affordable houses for all and sundry!” The owner of this particular project is Yolanda and is located in Southwest GA. The aim of establishing this venture is to ensure that there are affordable houses for different types of people and more specifically the veterans, retirees and single families. Over time, veterans have faced the brutal reality of mistreatment after service where they are not accorded most of what was promised before deployment.

            Retirees are also to benefit from the project as well because they do not have a steady flow of money. The retirees only depend on their pensions for survival. Another group of people that will benefit are the single families. Single families constitute a few number of people and in a nuclear setting, this is only the mother, the father and the child/children. The reason why the single families are targeted is owing to the size of the houses. As in the description, the houses are “tiny”. Extended families cannot survive in such houses for it could lead to congestion and poor hygiene. The retirees and the vets will take up one story houses and since the number of single family members is more they will take up two story houses.

            It is important to identify the fact that since free electricity will be assured in the apartments, and then this business plan is more attractive as compared to others. With free electricity, the rent also goes down. The statement is a point that will not only attract clients, but also investors that have a green-environment agenda. Activists will be quite involved in this project and will prove a crucial part to the growth of the Tiny House project, a goal that was set at an earlier date.

Market Analysis

            The real estate industry is one that has seen numerous changes in the modern environment. Initially, the government had the responsibility of having buildings erected in different parts of the area where it has invested. However, the contemporary environment has seen a surge in the number of private investors. As in this case, Yolanda is the developer and the owner of the project. As the owner of the project it is important to note that the number of competitors have also increased as compared to earlier times. The more the competitors, the better the market conditions and this is because they ensure that the other institutions offer quality work in their designated projects. 

            The price of houses has also reduced in the modern environment and this is where the government has lowered the mortgage rates (Donoso, 2017). The low mortgage rates have led to an increase in the demand where many people have managed to purchase the houses at affordable prices. The market has been quite volatile and the reason for this is the fact that many companies have come up in the contemporary environment. As time has progressed, the industry has changed with regard to the quality of the houses. Through quality competition, the market does not have to be a monopoly as before where the government was the one controlling the industry. Currently, it is possible to see the industry becoming more versatile and houses becoming more affordable (Awad et al, 2018). For the Tiny Houses Project, it is possible to see a high number of units and this is because of the lower prices charged by the raw material providers in the industry.

Operations and Management

            For Tiny House Project, the best organizational and management structure to incorporate is divisional management. The importance of incorporating this strategy is given the nature of the work that is to be handled. The project is supposed to stand for three different groups of people all with different needs. The various groups include the retirees, the veterans and the single families in the society at the time. The reason why this operations management procedure is chosen is from the fact that it will be possible to address all the matters in time.

            Through Divisional management then it will be possible to discover the various possibilities that might present themselves when carrying out a development project (Rydland&Stensaker, 2018). Specialization is important for it will enable the various contractors in the Tiny House Project to focus on their work more effectively. A project such as the Tiny House requires a lot of work and having a small group of people take up responsibility as a whole will not only delay the process but will also lead to shoddy work. It is imperative to note that once a client is dissatisfied with the work or fails to get the results within the stipulated timeline, then it becomes hard to trust the contractors assigned.

            There are various divisions that the Tiny House project is supposed to incorporate and an example of this is the finance department. The finance department is supposed to oversee that all the funds that are supposed to go to a contractor, the builders and the raw material providers gets to them in time (Meynerts-Stiller &Rohloff, 2019). The contemporary environment is one that has seen technology increasing in the construction field and for Tiny House Project; it is possible to see to it that the information technology department handles all the logistics associated with the company. Another department is the marketing department that handles advertisement of the available housing units to potential customers.

Service or Product Line

            The specific products that this institution is seeking to offer the potential clients are affordable housing units. The contemporary environment has been rather challenging and the reason for this is that the economy has dipped thus making the price of various commodities to sky rocket. The people that the product focuses on explicitly are the veterans, the retirees and the single families. The veterans suffer a lot and this is because some of them come from the war lacking the ability to carry out some of the local business activities. Some of the reasons for this is that they might be suffering from physical injuries or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The housing units are going to assist the veterans and the reason for this is that they will understand that there are housing units where they can reside rather than putting the burden on the other family members.

            Once veterans realize that there are affordable houses, they can engage in small activities that can earn them some little income to pay rent.  The retirees are also bound to benefit and this is because they will minimize the amount of money that they spend on other expensive houses thus sustaining their pension for a longer period. The single families will also see the advantage of this and the reason is that they will not face numerous challenges relating to work and will even gain motivation knowing that they can easily pay rent in the houses introduced by Tiny House.

            Going through the product lifecycle of a product is instrumental for projection (Bao et al., 2018). The product lifecycle for these houses is around 50 years and this is where the tenants will be offered with strict rules on proper management of the property. Failure to follow these instructions then there is the repercussion of eviction. The houses are expected to stand for half a decade. After this period, serious renovations will take place. It is imperative to note that another aspect to relate with regard to these houses is that the management will offer a suggestion box where in case of any structural complains, they can drop them and masons will ensure they handle their responsibility effectively.

Marketing and Sales

            There are various means through which Tiny House project will get to the intended audience. One of the means through which this project will be advertised to the various potential clients is through publications in magazines. Magazine and reading publications are some of the means to capture the eye of older investors (Anuar et al., 2020).  There are numerous magazines that have specific focus on the construction industry. It is imperative to ensure that these magazines get wind of the Tiny House Project and by posting commercials in these avenues then it is possible to have potential investors coming in to add value to the project. The whole purpose of advertising is not only to get the tenants but also developers and investors that might improve the project.

            Another means through which the project can be promoted is through mainstream advertisement in cable networks. The best time to advertise through television is during prime time when people are at home from work. The various potential tenants and investors get to see features that are presented by the Tiny House Project. An additional feature to improve the advertisement and a sure way to get more clients is by having an architecture design a model for the complete work (Minar, 2016). Through presentation of the model, the viewers get an image of what to expect and thus book apartments and investors inject their cash in the project which is a positive aspect. Social media is another strategy where the project is outlined to various sites that have a huge flow of streaming potential clients.

            The sales strategy to incorporate is hiring the appropriate sales persona based on past experience and venturing in markets where the number of potential clients is high. A strategy that does not consider the experience of the sales person is ineffective (Chong et al., 2016). For example for this project, if the person presenting the advertisement is not charismatic and does not speak with a vocal attitude, then it is hard for the viewers to follow what he or she is saying and consequently ignore him and might even change the television channel. However, for a person that has experience and has pitched effectively before, then it is possible to get the potential clients. The outlined sales strategy is effective in such a situation.

Funding Request

            It is also important to review the funding request for a project and through this, there is vivid comprehension of whether the company can get the funding it requires or the entire process is going to flop (Stern et al., 2018). The first step that Tiny House Project will have is identifying itself to potential investors and specifically stating the industry where it operates. There are also unions where the company can identify itself and these include embassies and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. The other step that is involved with the same is determining the feasibility of the project and this is where the institution shows its understanding of the market, revenue, competition and the costs.

            Identification of the sources of technology is imperative in funding planning in the contemporary business environment (McCarthy et al., 2017). The reason for the importance is the fact that the world is continuously evolving and consequently it is possible to note growth in information technology. Tiny House project managers are supposed to project their knowledge of technology to the various interested parties and have them paying attention to their vision. The final step involves a clear expression of what the company is prepared to do in case the project goes south. Many times, a project might fail to achieve the set objectives and the investors get dissatisfied. It is important to ensure that the project manager of Tiny House outlines the means through which risks can be identified and contained in the business environment.

Financial Projections

            It is also imperative to go through the financial projections for this particular project. The estimated amount for the one story house will be approximately $30,000 give or take. This is the current market value given the change in economic stature for the various people in the environment. For the two story house, the projected cost is about $50,000 per unit. It is imperative to note that this amount is favorable given the fact that a one story building is over half this price. It is also important to note that this does not end there because there are going to be about 100 units of each. When one carries out the arithmetic, it is possible to note that the estimated total amount for the one story house is $3 million.

Carrying out the same calculation one can note that the total amount for the two story building was $5 million. It is also vital to go through the expense of some other elements such as land. The business plans on taking up 12,000 acres of land and this will be at a cost of $950,000. For the labor, there will be different sets of activities. The major ones will include repointing which will be $8 per sq ft. Bowing that will be $23per sqft and brick installation at $25per sq ft. The clearing of land will be paid per hour at 20$ an hour for each worker. Installing the well, light pole and septic tank will come at a total of approximately $100,000.

References

Anuar, M. M., Mohamad, O., & Omar, M. W. (2020).Millennials’ Response Toward Cause-                      Related Marketing Advertisements via Social Media and Magazines: Which Is More           Effective?.In Eurasian Business Perspectives (pp. 239-250).Springer, Cham.

Awad, H., Fouad, M., Mourad, D., &Rady, W. (2018, December).Evaluation of Various Layouts of PV-Based Houses.In 2018 Twentieth International Middle East Power             Systems Conference (MEPCON) (pp. 162-167).IEEE.

Bao, F., Chan, A. P., Chen, C., &Darko, A. (2018). Review of public–private partnership literature from a project lifecycle perspective. Journal of Infrastructure Systems24(3),          04018008.

Chong, A. Y. L., Li, B., Ngai, E. W., Ch’ng, E., & Lee, F. (2016).Predicting online product sales via online reviews, sentiments, and promotion strategies. International Journal of          Operations & Production Management.

Donoso, R. E. (2017). A Review of” The invisible houses: Rethinking and designing low-cost       housing in developing countries”, By Gonzalo Lizarralde. New York: Cengage Learning.

McCarthy, A., Bornstein, J., Perrin, T., James, J., & Fulton, B. (2017). Insights from deploying a collaborative process for funding systems change. The Foundation Review9(2), 9.

Meynerts-Stiller, K., &Rohloff, C. (2019).Strategy, Team and Divisional Development. Post-       Merger Management, 219-227.

Minár, P. (2016). Goodvertising as a paradigmatic change in contemporary advertising and           corporate strategy. Communication Today7(2), 4-17.

Rydland, M., &Stensaker, I. G. (2018, July).Mission Possible? How divisional leaders       reassemble change initiatives to develop change capacity. In Academy of Management             Proceedings (Vol. 2018, No. 1, p. 14229). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of    Management. Stern, H. R., Toole, R. C., McDonough, J., Hromi, J., & Brooks, S. W. (2018). U.S. Patent No.     9,928,549. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

Modern environment.

Modern environment.

Executive Summary

            The purpose of this assignment is reviewing some of the challenges that face sustainability in the modern environment. As it is notable, the current world has had its fair share of these issues and it has been hard for business people to handle the matters effectively. The second section of the paper also addresses the current approaches that institutions are putting in place to ensure that their employees and their customers are well served. Through the incorporation of this, there is high hope that the customers will pay more attention and respect the companies even more. The obvious consequences of this involve resolution of some public opinion misconceptions and increased loyalty in the companies. The final part of the paper will be the creation of a business model that handles the sustainability issue and further advice on recommendations to resolve the issue.

Introduction

            The contemporary environment has seen different types of business entities and depending on the structure and the environment where the company operates, then it is possible to determine the business strategy to incorporate. Many companies do not pay attention to the needs of the customers and as of such they lose on many available opportunities that might present. It is essential to note that with the technology environment, it has become easier for business people to comprehend the needs and expectations of the clients. Through this strategy, they always ensure that they meet the various anticipations. It is important to review some of the past issues that have come up relating to sustainability alongside what has been learned in the course of studying to better comprehend the best means to resolve any underlying problems relating to the same.

Question 1

Ethical leadership is very influential in the modern environment and this is because of the manner that it manages people. Different studies have been carried out on the relationship between ethical leadership and personal belief. Personally, I am of the view that in order for a person to progress well, then the person ought to build his or her character. However, the contemporary environment has seen many people disassociate these factors and consequently fail to accomplish a given project. People do not respect the various social institutions and the consequent of this is failure on the part of the individual.

Another point that I look at effectively is with regard to giving back to the society. It is expected that if a company or an organization carries out appropriate and effective work, then the employees carry out their jobs or activities in a similar manner. An example of this is through the conducted general elections. People are of the view that I do put a lot of ethics in activates and manage to cover all the deals that I engage in. The information is very credible for it builds a person/s reputation.

It is accurate to note that globalization has the effect of providing both a positive and a negative impact (Donaldson,& Dunfee, 2017). With globalization there is the rise in technology and the consequent of this is having people appreciate the efforts made and using technology in the modern world to ensure gratification. There is also the disadvantage of a person failing to respect the authority set by the leader and the consequent of this is slow development as actions seeking to grow a company or an individual fails.

Question 2

In my company, I have come to note that there are some gaps that exist relating to sustainability and it has become imperative to bridge the gap and reason for this is the fact that it will make me relate better with the employees. I can effectively state that I have made quite some progress with regard to making the company sustainable and one of the points I can note that I have got to improve is with regard to my understanding of the needs of other people in the environment. I have come to learn the importance of not being self-centeredas a company and through this people that I work with have got to respect me and my virtues. In future, I will manage to relate well with people that I work with.

I have also come to note the actions that I can take in order to improve my leadership competencies and this will help me in my sustainability program and throughout my career. An example of this is fostering equal treatment of employees. It is not effective to have others feeling intimidated and reason for this is that they may get to perform poorly and with poor performance there is the loss of trust (Aas & Vavik, 2015). I try showing them the ultimate amount of respect that they deserve. However, I still have to ensure that they respect me for my position and as of such carry out their activities effectively.

For the sake of my career, it is important to learn the importance of memorizing mission statements and visions for companies. I have managed to evaluate the mission and vision of a company and work effectively to ensure that this is still maintained in the organization. I will manage to get a lot of respect from the community if I maintain the mission and vision. Moreover, the community will get to believe in the authenticity of the company and the products that it offers which is an important factor moving forward in the rather competitive contemporary environment.

In order to effectively pass as a leader, I also come to realize the importance of understanding the human resource department and having the ability to explain the human resource management systems that the company employs. The importance of having this as ability or rather as a power is the fact that one might be called to important meetings where investors might seek to inject funds into the company (Bush, Bell& Middlewood, 2019). It is imperative for me to ensure that I have all the information and reason for this is that there is immersing a lot of confidence in the organization. Investors thus get to note the abilities that the company has and through this the company progresses effectively and I am sure that my career will be safe through this

Despite the progress made, I have to admit that there are some areas where I have not managed to effectively handle or rather improve on and it is important to review them prior to engaging more customers. One of the areas is with regard to my ability to handle criticism without being defensive. I am always very defensive when it gets to criticism and reason for this is that I feel that I am mostly right in the actions that I take. I should understand that as a leader it is important to be open to criticism relating to sustainability management. However, this factor is not true and reason for this is that everyone makes mistakes and when they do they ought to own up to them. I should improve with regard to this and reason for this is that with all the changes taking place in the environment I might not know everything and thus should take the criticism as a learning chance.

Question 3

In class, we have learned that in order to have sustainability according to KPI, it is important to limit the use of the internet despite its outspoken importance.  It is hard to determine the internet use of people and the governance and it is essential to do this if one is to effectively succeed in their career. This is a great problem for it hurts the organization and reason for this is the fact that when people get to overuse the internet or use it for different actions such as social media there is sluggish development of the organization (Roth et al. 2016). It is important to improve with regard to this part of organizational management.

The assessments that we have had in school have been very important and effective for students and reason for this is that they have kept them focused knowing that there is a test that will seek to see if I have the ability to remember all the concepts that have been taught in class. I can identify that assessments are important for they put a person focused and constantly reading the notes offered in class. Through the tests it is important to note the changes that take place in the contemporary environment. The revision is in such a manner that they have the ability to reviewenvironmental sustainability information that is offered by the various teachers and through this it is possible to have me generally develop and grow mentally.

It is important to appreciate the group discussions for they have enabled students to understand concepts relating to sustainability even better. Initially, people were rather very lazy and did not want to attend group discussions and this is because they thought they were a waste of time. Research has shown that group discussions are important even in politics (Levendusky et al. 2016). Actually, it is important to study on one’s own as well as relying on these meetings. Some other environmental concepts that are introduced in class through KPI is relating to the concept of green buildings and recycling.

The current world is facing numerous challenges when it comes to sustainability and the consequent of this is having people even suffering more. The more pollution there is in the environment the more people get sick. People have had to leave employment because of feeling badly and it is important to ensure that such issues seize existing in the business world. Every person should understand his or her responsibilities in the modern world and the importance of this is always ensuring that the general environment progresses in a positive light. It is also possible to offset some of these challenges that people might face.

Sustainability management should be the goal of any company that seeks to see customers remaining loyal. If a company does not cater for the needs of the clients, there are high chances that the company will be ignored and people will move to other companies that are more reputable. The learning strategies we have in school are very beneficial for the enable us to comprehend means through which we can balance the process of profit generation with that of sustainability performance management.

Question 4

The construction of the business model for a company is one of the tasking activities to carry out and it is important to have a well laid out plan. One of the most important aspects or sections regarding associations and construction is that of the building configuration. The company configuration will be a link between the internal and external part of the building. For the survival of a company, it is important to have proper understanding of the environment especially when the company is new and reason for this is that it ensures the strengthening of the internal structure that do not have access to a lot of information. It is notable that most of these are placed will be placed on the upper part of management room and the reason for this is that it leads to better flow of ideas from various members of the team. 

Business orientation is another aspect to understand with regard to the building envelop and ensuring sustainability of the building and ensure sustainability. Some contractors do not take their work as seriously as it is required and the consequent of this is having shoddy work provided by the builders where the orientation of a building may differ from the original engineering designs. The consequent of these problems is having numerous disasters that involve buildings collapsing (Chwieduk, 2003). However, in case it is late, the best strategy involves strengthening the building envelop in such a manner that it manages to hold on the inner wall and the external wall. The best way to do this is introduction of even dumper cement to ensure sustainability of the building.

Thermo mass will be incorporated in the building structuremodel and the reason for this is that it contributes to the insulation of a building and this is in a manner that in case of cold nights, it is impossible for cold air to go through the walls (Evins, 2013). The reason why system buildings are filled with thermos- regulator material is the fact that this enables the people to live rather comfortable lives without the fear of cold. Moreover, the building becomes more stable with the regulators and reason for this is that in case of extremely high or extremely low temperatures the building walls might crack but the regulators prevent this.

Summary and Recommendations

            It is important to always ensure that the new business interacts well with the environment where it is set up. Failure to have this blend has repercussions and some of these involve having the managers engaging in business practices that deviate from the needs and expectations of the consumers. A proper business structure is supposed to follow all the measures that are required and as of such will ensure that all needs are met. The contemporary environment has seen the setting up of business entities that are substandard and consequently more sustainable institutions have defeated them even thought they might have less experience. Through comprehension of these stringent issues in the business environment, it is possible to set up strategies that will see to it that companies benefit in the long run and other institutions do as well.

References

Bush, T., Bell, L., & Middlewood, D. (Eds.). (2019). Principles of Educational Leadership &       Management. NJ: SAGE Publications Limited.

Roth, P. L., Bobko, P., Van Iddekinge, C. H., & Thatcher, J. B. (2016). Social media in    employee-selection-related decisions: A research agenda for uncharted territory. Journal           of Management42(1), 269-298.

Aas, M., & Vavik, M. (2015). Group coaching: a new way of constructing leadership        identity? School leadership & management35(3), 251-265.

Levendusky, M. S., Druckman, J. N., & McLain, A. (2016). How group discussions create strong             attitudes and strong partisans. Research & Politics3(2), 2053168016645137.

Donaldson, T., & Dunfee, T. W. (2017). Ties that bind: A social contracts approach to business    ethics. New York: Cengage Learning.

Chwieduk, D. (2003) “Towards sustainable-energy buildings.” Applied energy 76.1: 211-  217. Evins, R. (2013) “A review of computational optimisation methods applied to sustainable             building design.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 22, 230-245.

Business Management

Business Management

The purpose of this assignment is reviewing some of the challenges that face the modern business environment. As it is notable, the current world has had its fair share of these issues and it has been hard for business people to handle the matters effectively. The second section of the paper also addresses the current approaches that institutions are putting in place to ensure that their employees and their customers are well served. Through the incorporation of this, there is high hope that the customers will pay more attention and respect the companies even more. The obvious consequences of this involve the resolution of some public opinion misconceptions and increased loyalty in the companies. The final part of the paper will be the creation of a business model that handles the sustainability issue and further advice on recommendations to resolve the issue. The contemporary environment has seen different types of business entities and depending on the structure and the environment where the company operates, then it is possible to determine the business strategy to incorporate. Many companies do not pay attention to the needs of the customers and as of such, they lose on many available opportunities that might present. It is essential to note that with the technology environment, it has become easier for business people to comprehend the needs and expectations of the clients. Through this strategy, they always ensure that they meet the various anticipations. It is important to review some of the past issues that have come up relating to sustainability alongside what has been learned in the course of studying to better comprehend the best means to resolve any underlying problems relating to the same. Business Management

Ethical leadership in business management and decision making is very influential in the modern environment and this is because of the manner that it manages people. Different studies have been carried out on the relationship between ethical leadership and personal belief. Personally, people am of the view that for a person to progress well, then the person ought to build his or her character. However, the contemporary environment has seen many people disassociate these factors and consequently fail to accomplish a given project. People do not respect the various social institutions and the consequent of this is a failure on the part of the individual. Business Management

Another point that one can look at effectively is concerning giving back to society. It is expected that if a company or an organization carries out appropriate and effective work, then the employees carry out their jobs or activities in a similar manner. An example of this is through the conducted general elections (Evins, 2019). People are of the view that many do put a lot of ethics inactivates and manage to cover all the deals that a person engages in. The information is very credible for it builds a person/s reputation. Business Management

It is accurate to note that globalization has the effect of providing both a positive and a negative impact (Donaldson, &Dunfee, 2017). With globalization there is the rise in technology and the consequent of this is having people appreciate the efforts made and using technology in the modern world to ensure gratification. There is also the disadvantage of a person failing to respect the authority set by the leader and the consequent of this is slow development as actions seeking to grow a company or an individual fail to succeed. Business Management

In the company, people have come to note that some gaps exist relating to sustainability and it has become imperative to bridge the gap and reason for this is the fact that it will make me relate better with the employees. One can effectively state that people have made quite some progress concerning making the company sustainable and one of the points people can note that has got to improve is concerning my understanding of the needs of other people in the environment. people have come to learn the importance of not being self-centred as a company and through these people that work with have got to respect me and my virtues. In future, people will manage to relate well with people that people work with. Business Management

People have also come to note the actions that people can take to improve my leadership competencies and this will help me in my sustainability program and throughout my career. An example of this is fostering equal treatment of employees. It is not effective to have others feeling intimidated and reason for this is that they may get to perform poorly and with the poor performance there is the loss of trust (Aas&Vavik, 2015). people try showing them the ultimate amount of respect that they deserve. However, people still have to ensure that they respect me for my position and as of such carry out their activities effectively. Business Management

For the sake of my career, it is important to learn the importance of memorizing mission statements and visions for companies. people have managed to evaluate the mission and vision of a company and work effectively to ensure that this is still maintained in the organization. people will manage to get a lot of respect from the community if people maintain the mission and vision. Moreover, the community will get to believe in the authenticity of the company and the products that it offers which is an important factor moving forward in the rather competitive contemporary environment. Business Management

To effectively pass as a leader, people also come to realize the importance of understanding the human resource department and having the ability to explain the human resource management systems that the company employs. The importance of having this as ability or rather as a power is a fact that one might be called to important meetings where investors might seek to inject funds into the company (Bush, Bell &Middlewood, 2019). I must ensure that people have all the information and reason for this is that there is immersing a lot of confidence in the organization. Investors thus get to note the abilities that the company has and through this, the company progresses effectively and people am sure that my career will be safe through this Business Management

Despite the progress made, people have to admit that there are some areas where people have not managed to effectively handle or rather improve on and it is important to review them before engaging more customers. One of the areas is about my ability to handle criticism without being defensive. people am always very defensive when it gets to criticism and reason for this is that people feel that people am mostly right in the actions that people take. people should understand that as a leader it is important to be open to criticism relating to sustainability management (Levendusky, Druckman& McLain, 2016). However, this factor is not true and reason for this is that everyone makes mistakes and when they do they ought to own up to them. people should improve about this and the reason for this is that with all the changes taking place in the environment people might not know everything and thus should take criticism as a learning chance.

In class, we have learned that to have sustainability according to KPI, it is important to limit the use of the internet despite its outspoken importance.

It is hard to determine the internet use of people and the governance and it is essential to do this if one is to effectively succeed in their career. This is a great problem for it hurts the organization and reason for this is the fact that when people get to overuse the internet or use it for different actions such as social media there is sluggish development of the organization (Roth et al. 2016). It is important to improve concerning this part of organizational management. Business Management

After reading the provided scenario, one can identify the fact that there have been changes in the living conditions for people living in Guatemala and the reason for this is the high number of foreign officials that have flooded the country. The officials have made it clear that people carry out effective activities that are by the law. The contemporary business environment is one that is laden with various issues and one of the most common ones is safety as relating to engineering. Given the projections, that one can have relating to the same one can have can effectively state that this is a considerable figure. One can have hope to ensure that the various people that are involved in the same project consider the efforts that are put in ensuring that there is the success of the project. After comprehension of this, there is the assurance that other projects that are associated with the same are bound to develop which will not only be beneficial for the contemporary environment but also others that will come later. Business Management

           Ethical leadership relating to the code of ethics is very influential in the modern environment and this is because of the manner that it manages people focusing on various issues. Different studies have been carried out on the relationship between ethical progress and belief. People are of the view that for Santa Cruz to progress well, then the person in charge ought to build his or her character (Uhl&Gollenia, 2016 59). However, the contemporary environment has seen many people disassociate these factors and consequently fail to accomplish a given project. People do not respect the various social institutions and the consequent of this is a failure on the part of the individual. Business Management

Another point that one can have look at effectively is concerning giving back to society. It is expected that if a company or an organization carries out appropriate and effective work in the region, then the employees carry out their jobs or activities in a similar manner. An example of this is through the conducted general elections (Parris et al., 2016 et al, 50). People are of the view that one can have do put a lot of ethics inactivates and manage to cover all the deals that one can have engaged in. The information is very credible for it builds a person/s reputation. Business Management

It is accurate to note that globalization has the effect of providing both a positive and a negative impact (Donaldson, &Dunfee, 2017). With globalization, there is the rise in technology and the consequent of this is having people appreciate the efforts made and using technology in the modern world to ensure gratification. There is also the disadvantage of a person failing to respect the authority set by the leader and the consequent of this is slow development as actions seeking to grow a company or an individual fail (North &Kumta, 2018 et al., 201).

In any setting and more specifically in Santa Cruz, one can come to note some gaps exist relating to sustainability, it has become imperative to bridge the gap, and reason for this is the fact that it will make me relate better with the employees. one can effectively state that have made quite some progress about making the company sustainable and one of the points that have got to improve is concerning my understanding of the needs of other people in the environment. One can come to learn the importance of not being self-centred as a company and through these people that people work with have to respect me and my virtues. In future, one can have will manage to relate well with people that they work with. Business Management

           I have also come to note the actions that one can have can take to improve my leadership competencies and this will help me in my sustainability program and throughout my career. An example of this is fostering equal treatment of employees. It is not effective to have others feeling intimidated and reason for this is that they may get to perform poorly and with poor performance, there is the loss of trust. One can try showing them the ultimate amount of respect that they deserve (Burns & Dewhurst, 2016 et al., 31). However, one can have still had to ensure that they respect me for my position and as of such carry out their activities effectively. Moreover, the community will get to believe in the authenticity of the company and the products that it offers which is an important factor moving forward in the rather competitive contemporary environment. Business Management

           To pass, one should come to realize the importance of understanding the human resource department and having the ability to explain the human resource management systems that the company employs. The importance of having this as ability or rather as a power is the fact that one might be called to important meetings where investors might seek to inject funds into the company (Bush, Bell&Middlewood, 2019). I must ensure that one can have all the information and reason for this is that there is immersing a lot of confidence in the organization. Investors thus get to note the abilities that the company has, through this the company progresses effectively, and one can have am sure that my career will be safe through this.  Despite the progress made, one can have to admit that there are some areas where one can have not managed to effectively handle or rather improve on and it is important to review them before engaging more customers. Business Management

The assessments that we have had in school have been very important and effective for students and reason for this is that they have kept them focused knowing that there is a test that will seek to see if people have the ability to remember all the concepts that have been taught in class. people can identify that assessments are important for they put a person focused and constantly reading the notes offered in class. Through the tests, it is important to note the changes that take place in the contemporary environment (North &Kunta, 2018, 45). The revision is in such a manner that they can review environmental sustainability information that is offered by the various teachers and through this, it is possible to have me generally develop and grow mentally.

It is important to appreciate the group discussions for they have enabled students to understand concepts relating to sustainability even better. Initially, people were rather very lazy and did not want to attend group discussions and this is because they thought they were a waste of time. Research has shown that group discussions are important even in politics (Levendusky et al. 2016). It is important to study on one’s own as well as relying on these meetings. Some other environmental concepts that are introduced in class through KPI is relating to the concept of green buildings and recycling.

The current world is facing numerous challenges when it comes to sustainability and the consequent of this is having people even suffering more. The more pollution there is in the environment the more people get sick. People have had to leave employment because of feeling bad and it is important to ensure that such issues seize existing in the business world (Cokins, 2017, 76). Every person should understand his or her responsibilities in the modern world and the importance of this is always ensuring that the general environment progresses in a positive light. It is also possible to offset some of these challenges that people might face.

Sustainability management should be the goal of any company that seeks to see customers remaining loyal. If a company does not cater to the needs of the clients, there are high chances that the company will be ignored and people will move to other more reputable companies (Chwieduk, 2016). The learning strategies we have in school are very beneficial for the enable us to comprehend means through which we can balance the process of profit generation with that of sustainability performance management.

The construction of the business model for a company is one of the tasking activities to carry out and it is important to have a well laid out plan. One of the most important aspects or sections regarding associations and construction is that of the building configuration (Evins, 2013). The company configuration will be a link between the internal and external part of the building. For the survival of a company, it is important to have a proper understanding of the environment especially when the company is new and reason for this is that it ensures the strengthening of the internal structure that does not have access to a lot of information (Bush, 2019). It is notable that most of these are placed will be placed on the upper part of management room and the reason for this is that it leads to better flow of ideas from various members of the team.  

Business orientation is another aspect to understand concerning the building envelope and ensuring the sustainability of the building and ensure sustainability. Some contractors do not take their work as seriously as it is required and the consequent of this is having shoddy work provided by the builders where the orientation of a building may differ from the original engineering designs. The consequent of these problems is having numerous disasters that involve buildings collapsing (Chwieduk, 2003). However, in case it is late, the best strategy involves strengthening the building envelop in such a manner that it manages to hold on the inner wall and the external wall. The best way to do this is the introduction of even dumper cement to ensure the sustainability of the building.

Thermo mass will be incorporated in the building structure model and the reason for this is that it contributes to the insulation of a building and this is in a manner that in case of cold nights, cold air can’t go through the walls (Evins, 2013). The reason why system buildings are filled with thermos- regulator material is the fact that this enables the people to live rather comfortable lives without the fear of cold. Moreover, the building becomes more stable with the regulators and reason for this is that in case of extremely high or extremely low temperatures the building walls might crack but the regulators prevent this.

           It is important to always ensure that the new business interacts well with the environment where it is set up. Failure to have this blend has repercussions and some of these involve having the managers engaging in business practices that deviate from the needs and expectations of the consumers. A proper business structure is supposed to follow all the measures that are required and as of such will ensure that all needs are met. The contemporary environment has seen the setting up of business entities that are substandard and consequently more sustainable institutions have defeated them even though they might have less experience. Through comprehension of these stringent issues in the business environment, it is possible to set up strategies that will see to it that companies benefit in the long run and other institutions do as well.

References

Aas, M., &Vavik, M. 2015. Group coaching: a new way of constructing leadership            identity? School leadership & management35(3), 251-265.

Bush, T., Bell, L.,&Middlewood, D. (Eds.). 2019. Principles of Educational Leadership &            Management. NJ: SAGE Publications Limited.

Chwieduk, D. 2016 “Towards sustainable-energy buildings.” Applied energy 76.1: 211-     217.

Donaldson, T., &Dunfee, T. W. 2017. Ties that bind: A social contracts approach to business        ethics. New York: Cengage Learning.

Evins, R. 2019 “A review of computational optimisation methods applied to sustainable    building design.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 22, 230-245.

Levendusky, M. S., Druckman, J. N., & McLain, A. 2016. How group discussions create strong   attitudes and strong partisans. Research & Politics3(2), 2053168016645137.

Roth, P. L., Bobko, P., Van Iddekinge, C. H., & Thatcher, J. B. 2016. Social media in       employee-selection-related decisions: A research agenda for uncharted territory. Journal           of Management42(1), 269-298.

Adekola, A. and Sergi, B.S., 2016. Global business management: A cross-cultural perspective.     London: Routledge.

Botha, T., Van Rensburg, M., Du Toit, G. S., &Motlatla, M. D. C. (2016). Introduction to             business management. B. Erasmus, J. W. Strydom, & S. Rudansky-Kloppers (Eds.).            Oxford University Press Southern Africa.

Uhl, A. and Gollenia, L.A. eds., 2016. A handbook of business transformation management          methodology. Routledge.

Social Change

Social Change

Alignment Evaluation Criteria

Aligning various components of research ensures consistency from the title of the study, problem statement, purpose, research questions, to the data collection techniques, which in turn enhances transparency and logic of study. Evaluating consistency of a study ensures that data collection methods satisfy the research design, which in turn answers the research questions. The research questions satisfy the research purpose, whichaddresses the study problem. Notably, the research problem determines the research design and not viceversa(Vogt, Gardner & Haeffele, 2012, p. 40). Social Change

Data collection techniques should aid collection of adequate information in terms of quality and volume to enhance the intended research design. For instance, for collaborative and adaptive research, data collection techniques are supposed to enhance collection of enough information to aid deriving of a solution and support research. Therefore, qualitative research methods of data collection such as semi-structured interviews are necessary to ensure collection of enough data, which can be analyzed qualitatively and additionally using statistical approaches(Vogt, Gardner & Haeffele, 2012, p. 170). Social Change

The research design should provide answers to the predetermined research questions, whereby an analysis of the collected data, should lead to conclusions of the issues under investigation. For example if one of the research question is to establish how presidential debates influence voters’ decision making, data collected should provide adequate information to the matter. For instance, by concluding such debates influence voters’ decisions negatively or positively. According to Vogt, Gardner, and Haeffele, (2012, p. 175), the research questions should fulfil the purpose of the study; for instance, the questions should seek to explain the reasons for carrying out a particular investigation. “Walden University,”(2015b) also insists that the purpose of a study is supposed to address the research issue, whereby the researcherdescribes what to do with the problem. Finally, the problem statement should posses s appropriate use of words to provide consistency and statements substantiated with citations and references. Social Change

Reflection: Agent of Change

 Research knowledge and skills gained from the above alignment evaluationenhancesconducting of a positive change oriented study, which can simultaneously satisfy a problem solving and a research purpose. Such a study should involve an exploratory objective to gather more information regarding an issue followed by interventional strategy(“Walden University,” 2015b). The research questions should seek to establish more information on the matter and identify appropriate actions to address the problem. A research design that is collaborative and adaptive should be used to collect adequate information to offer an understanding regarding the issue and identify the best actions to take. Finally, the cycle should be severally repeated from identification of the problem to the identification of the best action until an in depth understanding of the issue is acquired. Social Change

References

Vogt, W. P., Gardner, D. C., & Haeffele, L. M. (2012). When to use what research design. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Walden University. (2015b). Social change. Retrieved from http://www.waldenu.edu/about/social-change