An investment project provides cash inflows of $790 per year for eight years. What is the project payback period if the initial cost is $3,200? What if the initial cost is $4,800? What if it is $7,300?
Job Analysis Research
In conducting a job analysis, there are two areas: (1) job-based and (2) person-based structure. For this assignment, identify the needed knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs); the tasks, duties, and responsibilities (TDRs); and any other specifics for a registered nurse’s position.
We will be using research efforts to complete the assignment. Refer to https://www.bls.gov/ooh/ to identify and collect needed data/basic information about a registered nurse’s position. Utilize to the A-Z Index to access information on registered nurses.
Then, use the following website to create your own structure-based analysis: www.onetonline.org. Follow the steps listed below for the www.onetonline.org website to access the needed information. Search www.onetonline.org. Go to the Occupation Search section. Enter the keyword (registered nurse) or the O*NET-SOC code. Click the arrow. Identify/record code for registered nurses. Click Registered Nurses. View the report. Click the Custom tab at the top of the page. (Note: You will customize/select your own job analysis specifics based on the job and person-based specifics.) Check the appropriate boxes (see below for required information). Click GO.
Once the data is collected, complete an eight- to ten-slide PowerPoint presentation about the job-based and person-based structure needed for the registered nurse’s position.
The following information should be identified in the PowerPoint presentation: education, credentials, KSAs, tasks, work activities and detailed work activities, technology skills, tools used, wages, and an explanation of what a job analysis is and its purpose.
As you create the content slides for your presentation, be sure to use the speaker notes function to explain the content in detail for each of the slides. Imagine you are presenting to your company leaders.
Note: Keep the 6×6 PowerPoint rule in mind (i.e., slides should only include six to seven lines of content with no more than six to seven words per line). Any illustrations should relate to the content being discussed. Be creative!
Include a title slide and references slide in your presentation; however, please keep in mind that these do not count toward meeting the minimum slide requirement.
For this assignment, Develop an essay comparing one of the following groupings: Islam and Christianity Islam and Judaism, OR Christianity and Judaism
See the file attached above for the specific directions and expectations used for grading this assignment.
Your clients are expressing interest in forming a partnership to sell rare books through bookstores across the county. They are not aware of the complexities concerning partnership tax. Chose two to three areas of partnership tax (e.g., basis, contributions, accounting periods, accounting methods, gain recognition and/or losses) and explain to your client how they may apply to their situation.
What obligations does the United States have, as a democratic nation concerned
with guaranteeing equal opportunities for all its citizens, to ensure that all
Americans have full access to the Internet? Keep in mind that many elderly and
impoverished people in the United States are still lacking Internet access.
Does the United States also have obligations to developing countries to ensure
that they have global access to the Internet?
o If so, who should pay for the development of technology for Internet access?
Please add the appropriate APA citations to the content post.
Sourcing your information is required.
The purpose of this assignment is to analyze the effect of domestic and international regulatory agencies and court systems on business transactions and dispute resolution.
Read the following scenario:
You are the CEO of Bonner, a U.S.-based farm equipment corporation. Bonner recently announced the release of an innovative new tractor with technology based on a patented invention developed by Bonner’s engineers. Bonner’s vice president, who is aware of the upcoming product offering, bought 100,000 shares of Bonner stock prior to the announcement. You found out about the vice president’s stock purchase on the day of the announcement.
One week after the announcement, Bonner received a letter from a German farm equipment corporation, accusing Bonner of patent infringement based on the new tractor’s technology.
Bonner’s board of directors asked you to assess the vice president’s liability for the stock purchase and the company’s options for resolving the German corporation’s patent infringement claim.
Prepare an infographic for the board (e.g., Piktochart®, Publisher, Glogster®, Microsoft® PowerPoint®, etc.) in which you discuss the following: Compare the resolution of the patent dispute in a U.S. court with the resolution of the dispute using the World Intellectual Property Organization’s (WIPO) dispute resolution program. Search the internet to review WIPO’s dispute resolution program. (Information about WIPO’s dispute resolution program may be located on their website by searching the Internet for WIPO). Assess the liability of Bonner’s vice president for purchasing the corporation’s stock prior to the announcement of the new tractor. Assess whether Bonner has any legal or ethical duties to disclose the stock purchase, and if so, to whom? Discuss risk management procedures Bonner can adopt to avoid or reduce situations like these from happening in the future.
Create a 350- to 525-word letter in response to the German farm equipment company in which you: Explain why Bonner is the owner of the invention Discuss the intellectual property rights owned by Bonner in the invention Suggest a method of dispute resolution (e.g., arbitration, mediation, litigation, WIPO dispute resolution), why that method would be desirable for resolving the dispute, and how and where the dispute resolution should be held (United States, foreign country, online, etc.).
Cite a minimum of two references.
Please respond to the following: Many companies use their brand as a competitive advantage. Given your knowledge about the global economy, identify three brands you believe have the strongest likelihood of remaining a source of advantage in the 21st century and explain why. Explain the effects you believe the Internet’s capabilities will have on the brands you identified in the previous discussion and what the owner of the brand should do in light of them.
You are the president of the Local Union 312 Chapter. As the president of the union, you are the chief spokesperson and representative of the Local Union 312 to management. Next month, you will start the collective bargaining process with management to get your union members greater wages and benefits and better and safer working conditions. Write a 3–5-page research paper using APA style outlining the collective bargaining process, including the following: Define and discuss what collective bargaining is. Research, outline, and discuss all of the steps of the collective bargaining process. Research, outline, discuss, and evaluate the best practices for collective bargaining strategies. Research, outline, discuss, and evaluate the arguments against and for collective bargaining. Use correct APA style, grammar, sentences, and punctuation. Support your research paper with at least 4 different scholarly sources, such as research journals, research studies, and government or accredited educational institutions’ Web sites.
Organizations often face the “build it or buy it” decision: whether to expand “organically,” or to expand through some form of business combination such as mergers or acquisitions, joint ventures, licensing, franchising (a form of licensing), or contractual, strategic alliances.
Discuss the key advantages and disadvantages of organic expansion and each of the listed forms of business combination for an international expansion. Support your views with relevant examples.
Instructions: Your initial post should be at least 500 words
Questions are often raised about the effectiveness of the United Nations in conflict resolution and peace operations. To what extent has the UN been successful in mitigating or preventing conflict? Under what conditions are peace operations likely to be successful?
Reading and References
Since 1945, “the UN has been involved in nearly every major international conflict”
(Bercovitch and Jackson 2009, 67)
This fact begs the question: Do international organizations (IOs) effectively build peace and prevent conflicts within and among states? This question of conflict management is the core of this lesson’s discussion and reading. Our focus is on the United Nations (UN) as a global IO.
There are debates among scholars and practitioners concerning the ability of the UN to prevent conflict. On the one hand, supporters point to certain successes, such as the UN-sponsored referendum that led to the independence of East Timor in 2002 after almost three decades of Indonesian occupation.
On the other hand, however, critics often point to the United Nations Security Council’s (UNSC) failure to prevent the Rwandan genocide in 1994; further, UN peacekeeping in Bosnia failed to stop the genocide there. They argue that the UN faces significant challenges that cause it to struggle when it comes to its mandate of protecting civilians.
It is worth mentioning here how the UNSC’s mandate has evolved over time from dealing with the risk of war to working on issues such as humanitarian interventions in internal conflicts. This was possible only after the collapse of the Soviet Union, which facilitated the development of a more activist Council and “brought the UNSC into the mainstream of international security affairs” (Hurd and Cronin 2008, 13-14). The question is, then, has the UNSC been more or less effective with this expanded mandate?
The UN is in a difficult and complex situation in having to deal with a record number of peacekeeping missions, in part due to its expanded mandate. Today, the UN reports that there are over 100,000 peacekeepers serving in 16 different operations across the globe; this activity comes at a cost of $8 billion a year. UN peacekeepers, in addition, are facing significant resource constraints, making it difficult to fulfill their mandates. Moreover, critics point out that the Security Council is increasingly divided (particularly among Russia and the United States), resulting in a general lack of political support. Challenges
In part, the challenges facing peacekeepers can be attributed to the changing nature of peacekeeping missions themselves. In the early days of peacekeeping (from its inception in 1948 through the end of the Cold War), peacekeeping missions were undertaken in areas where peacekeepers filled a non-armed military observer role, which included enforcing treaties and cease-fire agreements between states. Toward the end of the Cold War, however, the number of peacekeeping missions started to increase significantly, and the UN began sending peacekeeping forces to step in and intervene in intrastate conflicts. Over the last few decades, peacekeeping missions have been undertaken to help mediate conflicts in areas experiencing civil war, including Bosnia, Rwanda, Sudan, and the Central African Republic. The nature of peacekeeping mandates is changing to include the protection of civilian populations, yet UN peacekeepers often lack adequate funding and political support to effectively carry out their mandates.
Overall, there are a variety of factors responsible for peacekeeping failures, a lack of resources being one of the most important. Another factor to consider is poor communication between the peacekeepers on the ground and UN leadership. As you complete the reading, consider which other factors are preventing UN peacekeepers from effectively protecting civilian populations.This map summarizes the United Nations’ peacekeeping operations http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/documents/bnotelatest.pdf
Given all of these considerations, the question is, do IOs succeed in mitigating or preventing conflict? In the academic literature, IR scholars have posed many specific research questions in an attempt to measure whether and how IOs prevent or mitigate conflict, and how the answer to these questions can be measured.
For example, Shannon, Morey, and Boehmke (2010, 1124) asked in our assigned reading, “do international organizations decrease the duration of conflict?”
and tested the question by looking specifically at militarized interstate dispute duration in a defined timeframe.
Their analysis tells us that, although joint IO membership may not be able to prevent conflict outright, it should decrease the duration of a conflict. One might interpret this assessment as a beacon of hope for the UN, since “organizations end disputes more quickly by helping members overcome commitment problems, particularly enforcement mechanisms that compel states to sign and uphold agreements” (Shannon, Morey and Boehmke 2010, 1124).
However, there are often multiple actors involved in a conflict situation, so we also have to consider the role of third party actors as well (including non-state actors). These “third parties may increase the duration of fighting” (Shannon, Morey and Boehmke 2010, 1125), and this can significantly slow down the UN’s efforts at establishing peace.
In “Security Council Reform: Past, Present, and Future,” Shashi Tharoor argues that Security Council reform is needed to preserve the credibility of the United Nations itself. As you read this and the other articles, consider what specifically needs to be reformed. For example, perhaps the veto power of the permanent members should be reformed rather than the number of permanent members who hold veto power (Tharoor 2011, 400-401). Tharoor contends that “the multiplicity of actors on the international scene…could fragment the international system and reduce international cooperation”
(Tharoor 2011, 405)
On the other hand, others have argued that reforming the actual number of veto players is an essential component of Security Council reform since the distribution of power in the world looks very different today than it did in 1945. The current permanent members of the Security Council are often gridlocked in their use of the veto power, as is evident from the recent conflict in Syria. The question is, would adding more countries to the pot only make it that much harder to ever have a consensus on future security action, or would it enable better decision-making by incorporating a wider range of interests?
Many studies have attempted to tally and analyze the UN’s mediations, successes, and failures since 1945. For example, in their study, Bercovitch and Jackson (2009) include statistical data on several aspects of UN effectiveness compared to other actors. One aspect they examine is the success of mediation efforts by different actors, comparing the UN to individual mediators, regional organizations, NGOs, states, and more.
They find that the UN has a mixed success rate, coming in at approximately 36%, compared to a success rate of about 45% for regional organizations, which score the highest. They also find that the UN accounts for about 23% of all mediation efforts; while states account for the highest proportion at 46% of all mediation efforts. UN Mediation Effectiveness
The authors further examine UN mediation efforts to determine when and where the UN is most likely to get involved. In terms of conflict type, interstate conflicts (that is, conflicts between states) comprise 71% of all UN mediation efforts, while intrastate conflicts (i.e., conflicts within states) comprise 29% (Bercovitch and Jackson 2009: 68). As you can see, most UN mediations concern conflicts occurring between states. Moreover, their data shows that the UN has a worse success rate when intervening in intrastate conflict (conflicts within states), yet this has become the more common type of conflict since the 1990s (Bercovitch and Jackson 2009: 68). This raises questions concerning how the UN could increase its efficacy in mediating conflicts within states since these are the types of conflicts that are likely to occur more frequently.
Lastly, UN mediation efforts have taken place in every region of the world, but the success rate varies by region. According to Bercovitch and Jackson (2009, 68), the highest success rates of UN mediation have been: Conclusion
Taking this data on UN mediation effectiveness and the readings from this lesson as our starting point, our last discussion will focus on the extent to which the UN has been successful in mitigating or preventing conflict, and the conditions under which peace operations are likely to be successful.
Thanks for all your work this semester! This class gave us an opportunity to debate the key issue related to the study of international organizations while also learning about the areas in which they operate. Our course objectives aided your continued mastery of the International Relations Program Objectives as well.
Doyle, Michael and Nicholas Sambanis. 2000. “International Peacebuilding: A Theoretical and Quantitative Analysis.” American Political Science Review 94(4): 779-801.
Shannon, Megan, Daniel Morey, and Frederick J. Boehmke. 2010. “The Influence of International Organizations on Militarized Dispute Initiation and Duration. International Studies Quarterly 54(5): 1123-1141.
Tharoor, Shashi. 2011. “Security Council Reform: Past, Present, and Future.” Ethics and International Affairs 25(4): 397-406.
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