Diversity Issues In Counseling

  • Provide an ecological analysis of the issues highlighted by the organization or resource you provided, from ideological to structural to institutional to interpersonal
  • Describe your reason for selecting this option and any assumptions or expectations prior to community engagement
  • Share what you did, how it impacted you, your positionality and ways your identities interacted with the community you volunteered on behalf of, and the ways your assumptions/beliefs were challenged or confirmed.
  • Throughout, make explicit the implications for mental health and counseling, integrating with research and theory from the course
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Discussion Post Reply Due Tomorrow Evening

Sleep is an important and essential aspect of a humans life. It is detrimental that a decent amount of sleep is consistently achieved. However, there are some people that struggle with getting the correct amount of sleep that their body needs. This is called insomnia. Insomnia is gauged based off how someone is the day following their sleep (Kalat, 2019). Insomnia can cause sleep deprivation which has issues within itself. There are different reasons that people may experience insomnia. These include pain, stress, noise, medication, conditions of the body, along with some other factors (Kalat, 2019). To then deal with insomnia, one must be able to identify the reason it is occurring to them, which is why it is important to know the different possibilities. If the person does not deal with their insomnia, it can lead to sleep deprivation, which causes tremendous issues. Memory, attention, and cognition can be impaired, along with having trouble controlling one’s emotions and can develop mental illnesses (Kalat, 2019). These issues can affect people’s day to day lives and will continue to grow worse if not dealt with.

Personally, I have encountered sleep deprivation before. It has never been for multiple nights in a row, but I have felt the effects of not getting enough sleep. When I was younger I would suffer from horrible migraines. There were no reason for them, but they were chronic. While many times there was not a specific event that caused them, if I did not get enough sleep the night before, I would definitely get a migraine the following day. That helped me learn to make sure I get enough sleep and to take care of myself in that manner. This can coincide with what scripture commands us to do. God wants us to take care of ourselves, so that we may follow Him and spread the good news to those around us (New International Version, 1973/2006). This is why it is important to make sure that we get enough sleep, so that we may continue to be the best servant of Christ that we can be.


Kalat, J. 2019. Biological Psychology. Cengage Learning. https://ng.cengage.com/static/nb/ui/evo/index.html? 


New International Version. 1973/2006. Zondervan. 

Read Less

Rita James sought psychotherapy with Hy Pedestal, Ph.D., following a breakup with the man

Case B: Dr. Pedestal

Rita James sought psychotherapy with Hy Pedestal, Ph.D., following a breakup with the man she had been dating for 2 months. She described a series of relationships with three different men in the past year. All followed the same pattern: casual social contacts leading to sexual intimacies by the second date and a breakup within a few weeks. Each time, Rita said she “felt like ending my life.” She began her second therapy session with Dr. Pedestal by telling him how helpful the first session had been and what an exceptional therapist he was. She then got out of her chair and sat on the floor by his feet, looking up at him adoringly. When Pedestal asked what she was doing, Rita replied, “I feel more comfortable like this.”

What are some Ethical Dilemmas, and how would you respond as a therapist?

Unit 3.1 DB: Implicit Bias Test

If you take a look again at the weekly resources it is located there under ” Articles, Websites, and Videos:” – It appears like this.

This is Harvard’s Implicit Bias test where you will be able to test your own unconscious biases of various groups. Project Implicit. (2011). Harvard.

After you take two of the Implicit Bias tests share your results here using the following questions:

  • Which tests did you take? Why? What intrigued you about the test?
  • What were your results? Analyze your results using concepts from this unit and/or previous units.
  • Where you surprised by your results? Did they altar how you viewed yourself and your beliefs? Why or why not? Explain position.
  • What can you take away from these results? How might these result impact interactions with your clients or future clients? How might our implicit biases impact our clients or communities? Find one resource to suggest next steps for reducing bias.
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Week 9 Discussion Response To Classmates

I NEED THIS 01/30/21 BY 5PM

Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resources on your own before you bid. You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation regarding treatment. Grammar, Writing, and APA Format: I expect you to write professionally, which means APA format, complete sentences, proper paragraphs, and well-organized and well-documented presentation of ideas. Remember to use scholarly research from peer-reviewed articles that is current. Sources such as Wikipedia, Ask.com, PsychCentral, and similar sites are never acceptable. Each classmate’s post is listed so please respond separately.

Read your classmates’ postings. Respond to your classmates’ postings.

  • Respond to all colleagues by discussing the      elements of the mini script that you liked, and why. What might you add or      have said differently?

1. Classmate (K. Tri)

Hello, think you for coming in the see us today. I know as a parent this can be hard trying to make the best decision for our children. Based off what you have told me, you want to know what is AHDH and The difference between ADHD? Why do you feel that this maybe the wrong diagnosed for Tonya? Alone with the right treatment plan and medication client should be okay. Medication is a major assets to overcome these type of diagnoses. I want you to know that you are making all the right choices to be proactive with this diagnoses going without having this cared for has short term and long term consequences. Short term it has a big effect on the brain and long term causes struggles with keep relationship. Long term there no cure for ADHD and looking for jump into a state environment. I’m sorry y’all had to come this time and offer gain knowledge. Everyone learn a different ways to discuss what come and stay come go. As you counselor I’m with you every step of the way a strive for my customer satisfaction.


Sinacola, R. S., Peters-Strickland, T., & Wyner, J. D. (2020). Basic psychopharmacology for

mental health professionals (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Pearson.

2. Classmate (L. Mil)

Mini Script

I hear that this diagnosis is new and it may take some time to get used to this. I understand that the idea of your daughter taking medication is new as well. You stated concern with Tonya taking a stimulant medication. There are options for non-stimulant medication. One medication is called Intuniv. It is a common non-stimulant drug. Some side effects include feeling tired or irritable, nausea, and dizziness/drowsiness (Drugs.com, 2021). If you are interested, we can also discuss stimulant medication such as Adderall, Ritalin, or Concerta. It is important to maintain contact with me. As counseling will provide you (mom) with the tools necessary to handle Tonya’s ADHD. Also, Tonya studies show that counseling will help improve your self-esteem and give you a sense of independence (Sinacola, Peters-Strickland & Wyner, 2020).

Lastly, untreated ADHD as a child makes them more at risk for drug abuse (Wolraich, Brown, Brown, Dupaul, Earls & Visser, 2011). In adults, issues with concentration and a decrease in the desire in activities (Sinacola, Peters-Strickland & Wyner, 2020).

Two Questions about diagnoses

Tonya, when you are at school do you find it hard to concentrate or stay focused on your teachers? If so, when this happens what typically occurs?

Tonya, can you tell me your thoughts about your ADHD diagnosis?

Going further with Tonya

Tonya’s diagnosis is new and seems scary to the family. It is important that Tonya’s family make a decision on beginning stimulant or non-stimulant medication. The text does discuss the options for lowering sugar intake along with attending counseling. Tonya’s mother has an important decision to make and bringing Tonya in on the decision making will help as well.


Drugs.com.(27, January 2021). Guanfacine. Retrieved from https://www.drugs.com/mtm/guanfacine.html#side-effects

Sinacola, R. S., Peters-Strickland, T., & Wyner, J. D. (2020). Basic psychopharmacology for mental health professionals (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Pearson.

Wolraich, M., Brown, L., Brown, R. T., DuPaul, G., Earls, M. … Visser, S. (2011). ADHD: Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 128(5), 1007–1022. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-2654 Retrieved from https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/128/5/1007.full.pdf

3. Classmate (T. Dav)

Main Post

Tonya is a 10-year-old adolescent whose parents have come to you because of a recent diagnosis of ADHD by Tonya’s pediatrician. Tonya’s parents do not understand how a person is diagnosed with AHDH. They have heard that all ADHD medications are stimulant based and have a high risk for creating substance dependence. Tonya appears motivated to please her parents and teacher but is easily distracted and disengaged. She does not have a history of abusing medications; all medications would be dispensed by Tonya’s mother.    

Write out a mini script showing what you, Tonya’s counselor, would say to her parents.

Provide two potential questions you might ask about Tonya’s diagnosis.

Explain the role of behavioral counseling alongside a diagnosis of ADHD.

Explain the potential short-term and long-term consequences of not treating ADHD.

Include an empathetic reflection to Tonya’s parents.

I can imagine that this is a scary and difficult position for you to be in right now.  There is a lot of misinformation out there regarding ADHD and available treatment options.  Navigating through it all can be daunting, but I’m here to help you get through it.  Together, I believe we can work with Tonya’s doctor to come up with a care plan that works best for her.  Studies have shown that the most effective treatment approach involves a combination of both counseling and medication.  The counseling aspect includes education around things like coping strategies, conflict management, parenting skills, and even meal planning.  The medications address the physiological effects of ADHD, such as the regulation of dopamine and norepinephrine, which are key hormones that affect mood and behavior.  There are a variety of medications used to treat ADHD, and they usually fall into one of two categories.  One category is stimulants, which includes medications like Adderall or Ritalin.  The other category is antidepressants, such as Effexor or Wellbutrin.  The key to all of this though is to remember that for any treatment plan to work well, whether with or without medication, it is important for patients and families to be educated about the condition itself, as well as to set up realistic expectations regarding treatment (Sinacola, Peters-Strickland, & Wyner, 2020).

Given that this education is key, it is important for me to understand what your baseline of understanding is so we can address any concerns and/or misunderstandings you may have before we move further with developing a plan for Tonya.  So first, I’d like to ask you a couple of questions.  1) What do you know about ADHD? Based on what you said initially, it sounds like you’re concerned about the risk of substance abuse connected with ADHD medications.  We will definitely address this further as we take a closer look at treatment options, but for now, let me ask you another question.  2) What is your biggest fear or concern regarding Tonya’s diagnosis?

It’s clear to me that you both love your daughter, and that you want what is best for her.  That’s why I’m glad that you’re here today to learn more about her diagnosis and to take the steps necessary to develop a treatment plan that will allow her to thrive as she lives with this condition.  Although your concerns regarding the risks associated with medications used for treatment are valid, the risks associated with not effectively treating Tonya’s ADHD may be greater.  There are short-term risks, such as poor academic performance, but studies have shown that despite the concerns for addiction associated with medical stimulant use, the long-term risk of poly-drug and nonmedical stimulant use increase without proper ADHD treatment (Sinacola et al., 2020).


Sinacola, R. S., Peters-Strickland, T., & Wyner, J. D. (2020). Basic psychopharmacology for mental health professionals (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Pearson.

Required Resources

Sinacola, R. S., Peters-Strickland, T., & Wyner, J. D. (2020). Basic psychopharmacology for mental health professionals (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Pearson.

· Chapter 9, “Treatment of ADHD and Disorders of Attention”

Optional Resources

Sinacola, R. S., Peters-Strickland, T., & Wyner, J. D. (2020). Basic psychopharmacology for mental health professionals (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Pearson.

· Chapter 15, “Case Vignettes: Children”

· Chapter 16, “Case Vignettes: Adolescents”

ADDitidue. (n.d.). ADDitude for Professionals. Retrieved June 11, 2019 from https://www.additudemag.com/category/adhd-professionals/

Brain and Behavior Research Foundation (n.d.). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) FAQs. Retrieved from https://www.bbrfoundation.org/research/faq/frequently-asked-questions-about-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd

Wolraich, M., Brown, L., Brown, R. T., DuPaul, G., Earls, M. … Visser, S. (2011). ADHD: Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. Pediatrics128(5), 1007–1022. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-2654 Retrieved from https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/128/5/1007.full.pdf   


As someone with a background in psychology, you (Darius) have been chosen to be the foreman for this jury. It is your task to organize the jury’s thoughts on whether the defendant should be found guilty or innocent.

This particular jurisdiction requires a jury to submit a court document that summarizes the verdict process. Therefore, you will need to provide a Word document to the judge explaining the thought process of the Jury during deliberation for the court to file away as part of the official verdict. Use references from this module and include APA in-text citations.

Submit your completed assignment by following the directions below. Please check the Course Calendar for specific due dates.

Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word document. (Mac users, please remember to append the “.docx” extension to the filename.) The name of the file should be your first initial and last name, followed by an underscore and the name of the assignment, and an underscore and the date. An example is shown below:



note: the file I uploaded just download it and scroll down to module3…. the instruction for module 3 is what you should use to solve the above question. (module 3 Jury Duty )

* i added a zip file containing screenshots of the incident that happened with Darius. That is the case.

* also please ensure that every paragraphs should have or contain an in-text citation.

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Essay 2 – That’s Your Perception( By 5pm Today)

The systems responsible for sensation are remarkably similar from one person to another, but each person experiences sensory input in a unique way. Perception of the same event is likely to be different for different people. For example, water that is too hot for one person may be just right for another. The volume of sound at a concert may be painfully loud for one person but enjoyable for another.

· What are the factors that create these differences in perceptions from person to person?

· Do these differences in perception indicate differences in reality?

· Can we be confident that or perceptions reflect reality?

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A Closer Look At Microaggressions

I have attached the chart and questions in the attachment below which is what need to be filled in.

A Closer Look at Microaggressions

(h/t http://breakingprejudice.org/teaching/group-activities/microaggression-activity/)

Review the definition of microaggressions that is noted in your textbook. Then, complete this assignment.

Below, there are 2 columns. Column A contains fairly commonly-heard statements. Column B contains ways in which those statements might be perceived as microaggressions. Read each statement in Column A. Think critically about how a person could interpret the statements in Column A as a “put down.”

Step One: Draw a line connecting the statement in Column A to what you believe is the best possible interpretation from Column B. After you have finished matching the statements with the interpretations, rewrite the statements so that they do not contain a hidden or negative message. For example, the statement “How long have you been in this country?” implies that the speaker believes the person was born in another country. A neutral wording of the statement might be “Where did you grow up?” or “How long have you lived in this town?” After you have rewritten the statements, answer the questions below.

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Magellan Cans Assessment: See Attachment Need This In An Hour Today

(Rate mother in caregiver domain)

Alex is a 15-year-old male, recently discharged after a thirty-day stay in an in-patient psychiatric hospital. He was hospitalized because he heard voices telling him “terrible things about himself” and telling him to kill himself. He reported this to the school social worker who notified his parents. He was taken from school to the hospital. Alex presents as depressed and withdrawn, but will engage in one-on-one interaction with an adult. Alex has been telling people that he has been hearing voices since he was 5 years old. The parents have expressed their gratitude to the school personnel for believing Alex and responding quickly because when he has said similar things at home, they didn’t know what to do. Now they are worried that they might not be able to keep him safe at home.

Alex lives with his mother, father, and two older sisters. It is a loving family with close emotional ties. All of the children are kind, obedient, and care about other people. Alex’s mother has severe mental illness and is often overwhelmed by Alex’s needs which causes a lot of stress in their family. She says she feels a special connection to Alex because she can relate to his feelings of being unable to escape the ‘voices in his head’. Alex’s older sisters have also struggled with mental health issues in the past. Alex has no relatives in the area and the family has no child care resources.

Although his family has moved many times over the past few years, Alex has remained enrolled in the same school district. He exhibits no behavioral problems at school but he often responds verbally to his auditory hallucinations. In addition, these hallucinations make it difficult for him to concentrate which has impacted his grades. While he has educational goals appropriate for a tenth-grader, he is currently struggling to complete his requirements. He also often comes to school in the same clothes, which appear unwashed, several days a week. The teacher has expressed concern because he is regularly teased by other children. The teacher and the school social worker have met with Alex’s parents who have a hard time understanding the immediate risk that Alex’s hallucinations pose for him. Alex has no friends at school but is interacts well with all staff. He attends school regularly.

Alex and his family have been seen at the same clinic for the past four years. His mother was recently referred to a treatment program that she attends Monday through Friday during the day and is doing well. In an effort to get good housing in a safe neighborhood, the family has moved six times in the past 18 months. The family receives financial assistance through programs such as Section 8 benefits, SSI, and food stamps and is able to provide for the basic needs of their family.

When Alex was six years old, he witnessed the shooting of his uncle in front of their house. His uncle died on the sidewalk. The police questioned Alex a number of times about the incident. He experienced sleeplessness consistently for months after the incident and still does periodically. He will randomly ask his parents if they remember “when Uncle Sammy got killed.” He sometimes refers to the ‘voices in his head’ as Uncle Sammy’s killers who tell him he is to blame for Sammy being killed.

Place ratings in the section that are marked red


Put rating (number) next to each.

0. No evidence of need


1. History or   Suspicion


2. Action Needed, Need   interferes with Functioning


3. Immediate Action   Needed, Need is dangerous or disabling

Explain cultural considerations that the counselor must account for when working with a client

short answers to the statements below. Refer to the “Cultural Considerations Resource” for help in completing this assignment.

Explain cultural considerations that the counselor must account for when working with a client from each of the following groups (100-150 words each): 1.Immigrants (Documented and Undocumented)


Discuss the cultural issues and trends that specifically apply to each of the following regional population groups of the United States (100-150 words each):

1.The Hmong in California

2.Cuban Americans in Florida

3.Hispanic Americans in the Southwest

4.Your choice of a white ethnic group (e.g., German, Irish, Italian)

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style


HAVE 3-5 Sources

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