Evaluate The Psychometric Properties Of A Psychological Assessment

 Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of the Test

Your evaluation of the test should include the following areas of consideration:

1. Purpose of Test: What is the purpose of the test (personality, screening, diagnosis, marriage counseling, placement for children, etc.)?  Who developed it and why?  How is it used?

2. Type of Test/Scoring: What kind of items does the test utilize (T/F, likert, etc)?  How is the test scored? What kind of score(s) do respondents receive (percentile rank, z score, T score, total and /or subscale scores?)

3. Normative Sample: Describe the normative sample (including the number of participants and their know demographic characteristics). Indicate whether or not the normative sample is adequately representative of the intended test-takers.

4. Administration: How is the test administered?  Paper and pencil? Computer based?  Who can purchase/administer the test (i.e., minimum qualifications)?

5. Reliability: Correctly use terms from the textbook/course materials to define the types of evidence for reliability reported in the review articles, and provide the specific numerical values of the reliability statistics. If no reliability data are provided, then explain what type of evidence for reliability you would need in order to fully evaluate the test.

6. Validity: Correctly use terms from the textbook/course materials to define the types of evidence for validity reported in the review articles, and provide the specific numerical values of the validity coefficients. If no validity data are provided, then explain what type of evidence for validity you would need in order to fully evaluate the test.

 Justification for Selecting the Test

Your justification for selecting the test should include the following areas of consideration:

1. Explain why you selected this test for review. Specifically, explain how the test is relevant to what you are doing now and/or your future career plans.

2. Explain how the test that you chose fits in with the goals and responsibilities of Christian professionals who might utilize the test. Choose at least one scriptural citation from the bible(an actual verse) THIS IS A REQUIREMENT to support your argument.

Assignment Parameters

1. Use of current APA formatting guidelines is expected thoughout your paper.

2. Your assignment should include an APA-formatted Title Page.

3. DEPRESSION psychological test to evaluate, and you will find two (3) articles(attached) from the Mental Measurements Yearbook (MMY) database that assess the psychometric properties of the DEPRESSION.

4. In your evaluation of the test, you will use information gathered from both review articles to write a comprehensive evaluation of the test.

· The written evaluation of the test itself (the body of your paper) should be 2-3 pages in length.

· Your paper should be written in a scholarly writing style with a formal, college-level tone that utilizes appropriate grammar, diction, spelling, and punctuation.

· Your paper should appropriately utilize in-text citations of all sources (2 review articles and 1 scriptural citation), and citations should be presented in accurate APA format.

5. Your paper will include an APA-formatted References Page.

· Your references page should include the reference information for the 2 review articles that you obtained from the MMY.

You MUST REFERENCE the testbook as a reference if you cite information from the textbook when writing your paper. Cohen, R. J. & Swerdlik, M. E. (2017). Psychological testing and assessment: An introduction to tests and measurement (9th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. ISBN: 9781259870507.

· Make sure that you reference every source that you cite and that you cite every source that you reference. (Referencing the Bible is not required in APA-formatted manuscripts, but you can choose to reference it if you would like. Citing the Bible is required.)

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How Do Classic And Contemporary Psychology Theories Support The Claims You Have Made In Your Diagnostic

For this milestone, take your case report from PSY 622 and prepare a psychological assessment report that demonstrates use of objective testing data. How do classic and contemporary psychology theories support the claims you have made in your diagnostic consultation?

Make sure your assessment report accounts for the many possible avenues for gathering evidence in legal situations. You will likely rely on memory in some way, so make sure to discuss any limitations that you will bring to your assessment report. If possible, include measures that you learned about in your previous courses as protective mechanisms against the use of memory. Also, make sure you explain why you are using the assessments you selected. This information is often very important should the report be used in a legal proceeding.

Note: Do not simply cut and paste your assessment choices from PSY 622. Incorporate the feedback given to you in that course and expand or change your assessment choices in order to best fit the current scenario. Remember you were hired by a law firm to create the final report.

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Case Analysis – Collaborating with Outside Providers

Case Analysis – Collaborating with Outside Providers 

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, read the PSY650 Week Three Treatment Plan Preview the document and Case 9: Bulimia Nervosa in Gorenstein and Comer (2014)(attached). Please also read the Waller, Gray, Hinrichsen, Mounford, Lawson, and Patient (2014) “Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Bulimia Nervosa and Atypical Bulimic Nervosa: Effectiveness in Clinical Settings,”Halmi (2013) “Perplexities of Treatment Resistance in Eating Disorders,” and DeJesse and Zelman (2013) “Promoting Optimal Collaboration Between Mental Health Providers and Nutritionists in the Treatment of Eating Disorders” articles.

Assess the evidence-based practices implemented in this case study. In your paper, please include the following.

  • Explain the connection between each theoretical orientation used by Dr. Heston and the treatment intervention plans utilized in the case.
  • Describe the cognitive-behavioral model of the maintenance of bulimia nervosa.
  • Explain why Rita was reluctant to participate in Dr. Heston’s request for her to keep a record of her eating behaviors. Use information from the Halmi (2013) article “Perplexities of Treatment Resistance in Eating Disorders” to help support your statements.
  • Recommend outside providers (psychiatrists, medical doctors, nutritionists, social workers, holistic practitioners, etc.) to the assist Rita in achieving her treatment goals. Use information from the DeJesse and Zelman (2013) “Promoting Optimal Collaboration between Mental Health Providers and Nutritionists in the Treatment of Eating Disorders” article to help support your recommendations.
  • Describe some of the challenges and ethical issues that Dr. Heston may encounter when working collaboratively with the professionals that you recommended.  Apply ethical principles and standards of psychology relevant to your description of Dr. Heston’s potential collaboration with outside providers.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment interventions implemented by Dr. Heston, supporting your statements with information from the case and two to three peer-reviewed articles from the Ashford University Library.
  • Recommend three additional treatment interventions that would be appropriate in this case. The recommended articles for this week may be useful in generating your response to this criterion. Justify your selections with information from the case.

The Case Analysis – Collaborating with Outside Providers

  • Must be 4 to 5 double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.).
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least two peer-reviewed sources from in the Ashford University Library.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
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Problem Statement, Purpose Statement, Research Questions

In Week 4, you analyzed a topic related to work motivation and developed an “Introduction” and “Background” for your Final Project (Attached). This week, you continue to analyze your work motivation topic by developing a problem statement, purpose statement, research questions, and hypotheses.

A problem statement defines, drives, and guides your research. In a problem statement, you clearly identify the problem you propose to solve or the gap in the current literature your research addresses. A problem statement convinces others that the problem you propose to solve is relevant, significant, and important.

In a purpose statement, you answer the question: What is the purpose of your research? To craft a clear and concise purpose statement, it is often recommended you start with the following unfinished sentence: The purpose of this study is to. . . .

In addition to preparing a problem statement and purpose statement, you must formulate a set of research questions, generate hypotheses, and identify independent and dependent variables. Please refer to the Final Project Template for additional information.

The assignment (2–3 pages):

Develop a “Problem Statement” (1–2 paragraphs) for your Final Project that includes:

  • The research problem
  • Evidence of consensus that the problem is current, relevant, and significant to the discipline
  • An explanation of how the problem statement addresses a meaningful gap in the current research literature

Develop a “Purpose Statement” (1–2 sentences) for your Final Project that includes:

  • The research paradigm (quantitative/qualitative/mixed) and specific design/tradition within paradigm
  • The study intent (such as describe, compare, correlate, explore, develop, etc)
  • The independent, dependent, and covariate variables (quantitative studies) or concept/phenomenon (qualitative studies)

Develop research questions (1 page) and hypotheses (1 page):

  • State the research questions.
  • Describe what constructs you might measure and explain how you might measure them.
  • State the hypotheses by using appropriate population parameters and statistical notation. (Use of an equation editor makes typing hypotheses easy.)
  • For quantitative studies, state the null and alternative hypotheses that identify the independent and dependent variables being studied and the association being tested

Support your assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.

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Janet has been seen by you for treatment of depression.

1. Janet has been seen by you for treatment of depression. On intake, she disclosed that she was in AA and had been sober for 6 months. Janet seems to be happy with her progress, but after a few sessions, she seems to be no communicative and upset. After six sessions, she discontinues therapy with you. You learn that she has engaged another counselor who treats alcohol use and co-occurring disorders. This morning you received notice from your licensing board that Janet filed a complaint against you alleging that you attempted to treat Janet’s addiction to alcohol and that you did not have the expertise necessary to do so. You are a licensed professional counselor but you have not obtained training in addictions. Based on this information, answer the following questions:

1. Does Janet have a valid complaint? Why or why not?

2. How would you respond to the Licensing board complaint?

3. How would you avoid this type of complaint in the future?

This discussion question meets the following CACREP Standard: 2.F.1.i.  Ethical standards of professional counseling organizations and credentialing bodies, and applications of ethical and legal considerations in professional counseling.

2. What special precautions or practices should a private practitioner adopt in order to minimize professional liability and ensure that their treatment of clients remains soundly within the boundaries of professional practice standards? The American Counseling Association as well as individual state counseling associations (i.e., ICA, AzCA) provide a variety of resources to clinicians. Choose either the ACA or your state’s counseling association. What are its member benefits, activities, services to members, and current issue? How could membership be especially helpful to the private practitioner? Summarize what the ACA Code of Ethics says about the following: report writing, record keeping, and service reimbursement.

This discussion question meets the following CACREP Standard: 5.C.2.m. Record keeping, third party reimbursement, and other practice and management issues in clinical mental health counseling.

3. What special precautions or practices should a private practitioner adopt in order to minimize professional liability and ensure that their treatment of clients remains soundly within the boundaries of professional practice standards? The American Counseling Association as well as individual state counseling associations (i.e., ICA, AzCA) provide a variety of resources to clinicians. Choose either the ACA or your state’s counseling association. What are its member benefits, activities, services to members, and current issue? How could membership be especially helpful to the private practitioner? Summarize what the ACA Code of Ethics says about the following: report writing, record keeping, and service reimbursement.

This discussion question meets the following CACREP Standard: 5.C.2.m. Record keeping, third party reimbursement, and other practice and management issues in clinical mental health counseling.

4. Describe in detail situations in which referring your client to a different counselor and/or agency should be considered. If referral is not an option, what ethical alternatives could you identify to continue to work with this client? Include references to the ACA and/or NAADAC code of ethics to support your response.

5. Sheila came to your office about 8 months ago seeking counseling. She stated that she, “hoped to save her marriage.” After a few sessions with Sheila, you suggested that couples counseling might be helpful, but her husband, Roy, refused to participate. Three months ago, Sheila and Roy went through a very nasty breakup of their marriage, and now you have been subpoenaed to produce all of your records pertaining to Sheila’s treatment. Sheila has told you not to comply with the subpoena.

What should you do? Why?

Describe the specific steps you would take in responding to the subpoena.

6. Marcie is a new client and a 22-year-old female who works as a receptionist in a doctor’s office. She has just revealed to you during the intake session that she has recently lost interest in most activities, has been sleeping a great deal yet feels tired all the time, and sometimes wishes she could cease to exist. She mentioned feeling as though she has been “on an emotional roller coaster” during the past year, throughout her on-again/off-again relationship with a 35-year-old married man. The last breakup with him seemed final, and Marcie has felt herself sinking deeper and deeper into depression ever since. When probed further about suicidal ideations, Marcie admitted that she has considered killing herself, although she is uncertain whether or not she would actually do it. She said that she is currently in possession of a gun that her friend allowed her to keep in her home following a rash of burglaries in the neighborhood, but she does not know whether she would actually use it.

You have consulted with your supervisor, who has agreed that Marcie should be referred immediately for a psychiatric evaluation and has instructed you to arrange for Marcie to go directly from your office to a nearby hospital. Marcie told you that her mother accompanied her and is in the waiting room, but she has emphatically stated that she does not want her mother to know what is going on with her. How should this delicate situation be handled? Why? What are three ethical and/or legal concerns about this case?

This discussion question meets the following CACREP Standards:

2.F.1.l. Self-care strategies appropriate to the counselor role.

5.C.2.a. Roles and settings of clinical mental health counselors.

Each question has to be answered by it-self and with 150-200 words. Each one also must have a quote in it and be cited in the APA form-mate.  They need to be answered by their self and not together.



1. The higher the item-reliability index,

2. Test item writers must keep many considerations in mind. Which of the following is NOT typically one of those considerations?

3. Human asexuality is generally defined as

4. Which statement is TRUE regarding test development and testtaker guessing?

5. In general, what can be said about an item analysis of a speeded test?

6. The development of a criterion-referenced test usually entails

7. In response to the need for an instrument to help identify individuals who have experienced a lifelong lack of sexual attraction, but who have never heard the term “asexual,” Yule et al. (2015) developed a test called the

8. Which is an example of the use of a completion format on a test?

9. An item bank is

10. Computer-adaptive testing has been found to

11. Scoring drift refers to

12. The reason latent-trait theory is so-named has to do with the presumption that

13. What is the value of the item-discrimination index for an item answered correctly by an equal number of students in the higher- and lower-scoring groups?

14. The Rokeach values measure involves presenting the subject with index cards, on each of which a single value is listed. Testtakers are asked to place the cards in order of their own concern about each of the values. This procedure BEST exemplifies

15. Which scaling method entails a process by which measures of item difficulty are obtained from samples of testtakers who vary in ability?

16. Item banks

17. Factor analysis can help the test developer

18. As described in the text, all of the following are elements of a matching item EXCEPT:

19. Asexuality

20. Estimates suggest that approximately ________% of the population might be asexual.

21. The think aloud test administration format

22. An item-discrimination index is used on an ability test

23. On a true/false inventory, a respondent selects true for an item that reads, “I summer in Tehran. The individual scoring the test would BEST interpret this response as indicative of the fact that this respondent

24. Item branching refers to

25. Jana takes a personality test administered by the “True Compatibility Dating Service.” According to the personalized, computerized personality profile that results, Jana learns that her need for exhibitionism is much greater than her need for stability. Since the test analyzes data only with regard to Jana, and no other client of the dating service, it may be assumed that the test was scored using


PSYC 421 Quiz 1

PSYC 421 Quiz 2

PSYC 421 Quiz 3

PSYC 421 Quiz 4

PSYC 421 Quiz 5

PSYC 421 Quiz 6

PSYC 421 Quiz 7

PSYC 421 Exam 1

PSYC 421 Exam 2

PSYC 421 Exam 3

As noted in the text, the diagnosis of probable Alzheimer’s disease should be done by performing a thorough evaluation

As noted in the text, the diagnosis of probable Alzheimer’s disease should be done by performing a thorough evaluation to rule out other potential causes of the observed symptoms. Based on nearly 30 years of research, new criteria were released in 2011 jointly by the National Institute on Aging and the Alzheimer’s Association.

These new criteria created considerable controversy. Research indicated that Alzheimer’s disease progresses through a series of stages, from a “preclinical” phase in which no symptoms can be easily detected, through mild cognitive impairment, to clinical Alzheimer’s disease (Albert et al., 2011; Jack et al., 2011; McKhann et al., 2011; Sperling et al., 2011). In addition, the criteria included a call for biomarkers to be linked with the various categories, as well as new standards for brain autopsy. The main controversy concerned whether people should be diagnosed with a “preclinical” form of Alzheimer’s disease, especially when there is no treatment and many people never go on to develop clinical Alzheimer’s disease (Brickman, 2011).

Research has shown that abnormal levels of beta-amyloid protein are associated with mild cognitive impairment (Rodrigue, Kennedy, & Park, 2009), but again, whether everyone with high levels of amyloid should have a diagnosis is controversial (Brickman, 2011). However, the recent research linking tau protein transmission across neurons offers hope that a drug or other effective therapy could be invented to prevent such transmission (Liu et al., 2012).

Despite the controversies, the new criteria make clear that the link between research and clinical application needs to be a strong one. Clear evidence of specific behaviors or health markers needs to be present. You should ensure that this is the case for anyone in your family or in your work.

1. What are the primary reasons why the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease in the “preclinical” phase is seen as controversial?

2. If you were an older adult and were suffering from a condition for which there was no cure and very few treatment options, would you want to know about the disease or would you want your doctor and family to keep this information from you? Explain your choice.

3. What biological markers have been found that might indicate the presence of Alzheimer’s disease in a human being?

4. Exactly what does it mean to say that a person is in the “preclinical phase” of Alzheimer’s disease? What implications does this have for the progression of the illness?

Psychology Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1
The primary concern of an institutional review board is to
determine whether deception is necessary.
determine whether informed consent will be obtained.
ensure that the safety of research participants is adequately protected.
evaluate the scientific merit of a proposed study.

Question 2
Tammy’s experiment compared the effectiveness of videotape and textbook presentation of a history lesson. Unexpectedly, her demeanor changed with each treatment condition. She appeared worried during the videotape condition because the audiovisual equipment periodically broke down. In contrast, she seemed relaxed in the textbook condition during which subjects read from a book. Which problem does this illustrate?
confounding by a context variable
experimenter bias
history threat
selection threat

Question 3
Professor Smith’s class was stunned. She mistakenly included questions from chapter 5 on an exam that was supposed to cover chapters 1-4. In appealing their low grades, the students should diplomatically question the ____of this exam.
construct validity
content validity
face validity
predictive validity

Question 4
Pavlov’s classical conditioning research contained an element of serendipity because Pavlov
did not recognize the importance of what he found.
discovered this learning process through intuition.
intended to study stomach secretions.
predicted this form of conditioning based on prior research.

Question 5
Laboratory experiments may trade _____ for precision.
both generalizability and realism

Question 6
To study the possible causal relationship between smoking and lung cancer, researchers start with human _____ studies and then progress to animal _____ studies.
experimental; experimental
experimental; quasi-experimental
quasi-experimental; experimental
correlational; quasi-experimental

Question 7
Which of these should be controlled using constancy of conditions instead of elimination?
a poster for a controversial speaker
bright room lighting
interruptions by students opening the door
visual distractions by classmates outside of the room

Question 8
In a true experiment, an experimenter ____ the independent variable and ____ the dependent variable.
manipulates; measures
selects; manipulates
measures; manipulates
selects; measures

Question 9
Theories are explanations of events that
apply to all situations
are supported by a majority of studies
provide interim explanations
are supported by a majority of studies and provide interim explanations

Question 10
What does a double-blind experiment control?
demand characteristics
experimenter bias
confounding by context variables
demand characteristics and experimenter bias

Question 11
A _____ is a statistical review procedure that summarizes and quantifies multiple research findings on an individual topic.
case study
factor analytical study
literature search

Question 12
Which human experiment could not be justified, regardless of the knowledge that might be gained?
studying the effectiveness of subliminal advertising on product recognition
studying the effectiveness of a drug that produces complete muscular paralysis in treating alcohol addiction
studying the effect of mild sleep deprivation on cognitive performance
studying the effect of shift rotation schedules on employee absenteeism

Question 13
Since Tim belongs to a Bible study group, a classmate mistakenly assumes that he doesn’t drink alcoholic beverages and always votes Republican. This example of nonscientific inference illustrates
confirmatory bia
overconfidence bias
the gambler’s fallacy

Question 14
_____ is the primary resource currently used by psychologists to find journal articles.

Question 15
Falsifiable means that a hypothesis is
always false.
capable of being disproved.

Question 16
Which of these must be established by institutions engaging in research with human subjects?
human research review committee
institutional animal care and use committee
institutional review board
subjects use committee

Question 17
Balancing is a control procedure that
distributes the effect of physical variables equally across the treatment conditions.
distributes the effect of the independent variable equally across all of the treatment conditions.
ensures that subjects in all conditions experience nearly identical physical variables.
removes potentially confounding physical variables from the testing situation.

Question 18
When an experimenter fails to randomly assign subjects to different experimental conditions, a ____ threat is present since treatment groups may differ on subject variables.
statistical regression
subject mortality

Question 19
An experimenter provided two groups of rats different quantities of food for successfully completing the same maze. She controlled the kind of food and the amount of time the rats had access to the food. She reported that both groups of rats committed the same number of errors in learning the maze. The number of errors was
a confounding variable.
a subject variable.
the dependent variable.
the independent variable.

Question 20
Which of these techniques to control demand characteristics involves deception?
cover story
double-blind experiment
single-blind experiment

Question 21
Systematic data gathering, noting relationships, and offering explanations are central to
commonsense psychology
the content of science
nonscientific inference
the process of science

Question 22
In a pretest/posttest design, participants may improve with repeated testing due to increased familiarity with a test. This problem is called
bidirectional causation
practice effect
regression to the mean
a third variable problem

Question 23
Volunteer subjects may differ from nonvolunteers in that volunteers may be
less authoritarian.
more politically and socially liberal.
more intelligent.
all of these

Question 24
Researchers conduct experiments in laboratories to achieve the greatest degree of

Question 25
Experimenters generally want subjects to be as naïve as possible concerning the experimental hypothesis to reduce confounding by
context variable.
demand characteristics.
experimenter bias.
response sets.

Question 26
A review of prior studies in an area may provide
help in identifying important issues.
information on previous important issues.
new research ideas.
all of these

Question 27
In single-blind experiments,
experimenters are unaware of the treatments given to subjects.
experimenters encourage subjects to guess the experimental hypothesis.
subjects do not know which treatment they are receiving.
subjects do not receive feedback on their performance.

Question 28
Kirk hypothesizes that his dog dreams in color. This is not an experimental hypothesis because it
cannot be stated in an “if…them” format.
cannot be tested.
in an analytic statement.
is not a parsimonious statement

Question 29
Both correlational designs and quasi-experiments are often higher in ____ than laboratory experiments.
external validity
imposition of units
internal validity
manipulation of antecedents

Question 30
Which of these correlations would permit the most accurate prediction?

Question 31
A longitudinal study that observes first-born children’s behavior before and after the birth of a sibling is particularly vulnerable to a ____ threat since rapid cognitive and physical change normally occur at this age.

Question 32
In experiments, researchers most often achieve control over possible explanations by
random assignment of subjects to different treatment conditions or use of within-subjects designs.
presenting a treatment condition in an identical manner to all subjects.
keeping the environment, the procedures, and the measuring instruments constant for all subjects in the experiment.
using all of these methods.

Question 33
Researchers conduct experiments in laboratories to achieve the greatest degree of

Advanced Theories Of Personality A5

Discussion Questions I

All assignments MUST be typed and double-spaced, in APA style and must be written at graduate level English. The content, conciseness and clarity of your answers will be considered in the evaluation of your work. You must use and integrate the material presented in the course text and cite your work according to APA format. Use of outside resources can be used to enhance the text information, but cannot replace the text.

Respond to each question in 1-1 ½ pages per question.

Total assignment should be 4-6 pages total plus a Title and Reference Page

Do not copy the questions in your responses. See APA style on how to create Topic Headings.  Suggested Topic Headings follow each question.  You may use them or create your own.


Question One: The text discusses three main approaches to personality research:  case studies, experimental studies conducted in laboratory settings, and correlational studies.  If you were to conduct a research study today, which approach would you use and why?

Suggested Topic Heading:   Personality Research


Question Two: It has been said that psychoanalytic theory suffers from a number of cultural biases due to the limitations in kinds of patients seen and the Victorian era from which the concepts were originally derived. Which concepts or parts of the theory do you think could become a particular target for arguments of cultural bias?

Suggested Topic Heading:  Cultural Bias in Psychoanalytic Theory


Question Three: As you will see in subsequent chapters, many personality theorists developed ideas that differed markedly from those of Freud and the various neo-Freudian theorists.  What aspects of Freudian theory would you “least want to lose” in such developments – i.e., which features seem so important that they should be taken into account by any other personality theory?

Suggested Topic Heading: Positive Aspects of Freudian Theory


Question Four: Rogers proposed that the fundamental human motive is self-actualization: a positive, growth-oriented human motive.  That sounds like a very nice idea. And it is easy to think of cases in which people seem to be striving toward self-actualization.  But it naturally raises the question of how, in Rogerian theory, one could explain the personality of people who seem oriented toward evil rather than positively-oriented growth.  In other words, what about Hitler?  Mass murderers? Etc. How could one posit a self-actualization theory in the face of such cases?

Suggested Topic Heading:  Self-Actualization and Evil

Assignment Outcomes

Distinguish the major theories of personality

Contrast historical and current views of personality

Integrate evidence based treatment interventions

Combine current research to assessment and technique

Identify legal, ethical issues in theories of personality and psychotherapy

Examine issues of culture and diversity in theories and application

Must have turn it in

Cervone, D. & Pervin, L.A.   (2016).   Personality theory and research.   (13th ed.).   New York , NY   Wiley, John & Sons, Inc.    ISBN 9781118976296

Application: Employee Resistance To Change

By the end of Week 7, you will submit a Change Management Plan for successfully managing change related to a fictitious company, called Hamilton Snacks, which is acquiring a smaller Oregon-based company, called Arlo’s Granola. To learn more about the acquisition, read the Change Management Case Study that is attached.

The following Assignment is designed to help you begin work on your Change Management Plan. Before you begin, consider the following statistic: 70–90% of acquisitions fail (Martin, 2016).  Why do so many acquisitions fail? One reason is because leaders grossly underestimate challenges related employee resistance to change.

In this Assignment, you will consider why employees may resist the change described in the case study and explore leadership strategies for reducing resistance.

Martin, R. L. (2016). M&A: The one thing you need to get right. Harvard Business Review94(6), 42–48.

To Prepare:

  • Read the article “Change Management Models: A Comparative Analysis and Concerns.” (ATTACHED) Consider the steps for successfully managing change.
  • Read the articles “Resistance to Change in Organizations”(Attached) and think about why employees resist change, how employees express their resistance to change, and leadership strategies for reducing resistance to change.
  • View the media resource “Communication Strategy for Leading Change. (TranscriptATTACED) Think about the importance of implementing a communication strategy to reduce employee resistance to change.
  • Read Chapter 11 in the Northouse text. Consider how adaptive leadership could be applied to reduce employee resistance to change.
  • Read the Change Management Case Study that is below. Think about why employees may resist the change described in the case study, and identify specific leadership strategies for reducing employee resistance to change.

By Day 7

Submit a 2 page paper that addresses the following:

  • Briefly describe three reasons why employees may resist the organizational change described in the case study.
  • Using the follower typologies in this week’s readings, describe two types of employees that are likely to resist the change and two types of employees that are likely to embrace the change, and explain why.
  • Recommend two leadership strategies for reducing employee resistance to organizational change. Provide specific examples of how each strategy would reduce employee resistance to change.
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