Respond To Two Classmates Discussions Summary Of A Scholarly Journal Article

   Respond   Respond to two classmates’ discussions: Summary of a Scholarly Journal Article

You will respond to TWO peers’ posts in the discussion area (minimum of 150 words each). These responses are not part of your five required weekly discussions. 

Classmate #1: Lisa G Bogetto

Shannon,
     I like what you have chosen for your academic Journal article. I believe that body image and eating disorder go hand and hand. I think that the goals of the study will show that it is not only eating disorders that cause people to think about body image. It is also society and the things that we read in magazines as well a television. Self-esteem is a big issue when it comes to how people see themselves and compare to other people.
     Why do you think in the study they did not have the same number of males as they did females? They body mass index calculator is sometimes not a good thing to use when determining heathy weight. Everybody has different body structures and builds, which could mean that even though the mass index says there overweight they may not feel like they are.
     Under the findings you said that the females were shorter and lighter than the males used in this study. I think the reason for this is the way men are built is different than woman and carry there weight differently. In the study it shows men being overweight, but I believe it is because of their body is structured different than women. Men have more muscle than and muscle weight more than fat. I think that the weight status would be hard to define.
     I would say that they are correct that body image makes some people feel negative about themselves and creates feeling of not liking who they are. Nice job on your paper.

Classmate #2: Jessica E Dill

             The article, Correlates of bullying behaviors among a sample of North American Indigenous adolescents, written by Lisa A. Melander, Kelley J. Sittner Harthorn, and Les B. Whitbeck, details the factors that contribute to bullying, using a sample of North American children from the ages of eleven to fourteen.

             The purpose of this study is to learn the components that play a part in whether a child may become a bully, or will be the one who is bullied by others. After the authors did their own research, they did find previous studies on causes for bullying behaviors. These studies found that children from families in which they did not receive enough affection from their parents were more likely to bully others. Similarly, these studies found that if the child had a good, open relationship with their parents, they were less likely to be bullied themselves. Another finding the authors mentioned was that children who had good parents to look up to had a lesser chance of bullying others. The teachers also play a roll in the amount of bullying in the schools. Studies found that if the teachers were more involved with the students and offered encouragement, then the amount of bullying at the school would lessen. Some phycological studies found that children who are depressed themselves are more likely to bully other children.

This study differs from previous studies on bullying because it is focused on one ethnic group. Other studies have not focused on a particular group, especially not North American Indigenous children. All of the previous studies offer solid information, but this study wants to focus specifically on North American Indigenous children. The previous studies are helpful to the current study because they offer general factors that contribute to children being bullied or bullying other children. This study will use the prior knowledge and see how it applies to their sample of Northern American Indigenous children in particular.

The authors hypothesize that bullies learn their behavior from bad parenting. They also hypothesize that the bullies will bully others only if they are in a higher level than the other person, but if the other is in a higher class of some sort then they will be bullied. They also hypothesized that children who struggle with depression are more likely to become victims of bullying. Another hypothesis is that children in minority are more likely to be the victims of bullying. Some independent variables of the study included that they measured the amount of parental involvement with the child and how the family handled situations. They also asked the children about their school experiences. They also looked for signs of depression among the children as well as how the children perceived discrimination. Some dependent variables listed from the study were the children’s responses to being questioned about being a bully, or being the victim of bullying.  

The people in charge of this study used qualitative methods to gain information from the participants. Specifically, they conducted an in-depth interview with each of the children as well as at least one of their parents. This method can be very helpful because they can ask the participants whatever they need to know, and can ask for more details when it is necessary. Using this method, it is possible to gain a lot more information than is possible from other methods. A con of this method is that it is dependent on what the participant is willing to share. For instance, the participant can lie or avoid topics (Custer).

The sample method that they used for this study was volunteer sampling. Using a list of Northern American Indigenous families that they had acquired, they picked children from those families who fit into their desired age range for the study. Once they found a child that fit into their requirements, they reached out to the families and invited them to participate in the study. This technique can be effective because it is able to reach many people, however, this can lead to biased results. Hand selecting participants will only allow certain types of people into one’s study (Custer).

This study found that around sixteen percent of Northern American Indigenous children have been bullied, as well as around sixteen percent have bullied someone else. They also found that only around seven percent of the children had been both bullied as well as a bully. They also found that if a child was receiving more parental affection and positive attention from school faculty, then they would be more likely to be bullied rather than bully others.

The author discussed that this study may not apply to other regions, as there are many different cultures. Another limitation the author discussed was that their idea of bullying for the study was wide-ranging and not detailed to specific actions. This study succeeded in getting results that are specific to their targeted ethnic group. Another strength was that it got detailed information from the interviews with the children and their guardians.

References:

Custer, L. (n.d). Social scientific research process.

Melander, L., Hartshorn, K., & Whitbeck, L. (2013). Correlates of bullying behaviors among a sample of North American Indigenous adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 36(4), 675-684. to two classmates’ discussions:You will respond to TWO peers’ posts in the discussion area (minimum of 150 words each). These responses are not part of your five required weekly discussions. 

Classmate #1: Lisa G Bogetto

Shannon,
     I like what you have chosen for your academic Journal article. I believe that body image and eating disorder go hand and hand. I think that the goals of the study will show that it is not only eating disorders that cause people to think about body image. It is also society and the things that we read in magazines as well a television. Self-esteem is a big issue when it comes to how people see themselves and compare to other people.
     Why do you think in the study they did not have the same number of males as they did females? They body mass index calculator is sometimes not a good thing to use when determining heathy weight. Everybody has different body structures and builds, which could mean that even though the mass index says there overweight they may not feel like they are.
     Under the findings you said that the females were shorter and lighter than the males used in this study. I think the reason for this is the way men are built is different than woman and carry there weight differently. In the study it shows men being overweight, but I believe it is because of their body is structured different than women. Men have more muscle than and muscle weight more than fat. I think that the weight status would be hard to define.
     I would say that they are correct that body image makes some people feel negative about themselves and creates feeling of not liking who they are. Nice job on your paper.

Classmate #2: Jessica E Dill

             The article, Correlates of bullying behaviors among a sample of North American Indigenous adolescents, written by Lisa A. Melander, Kelley J. Sittner Harthorn, and Les B. Whitbeck, details the factors that contribute to bullying, using a sample of North American children from the ages of eleven to fourteen.

             The purpose of this study is to learn the components that play a part in whether a child may become a bully, or will be the one who is bullied by others. After the authors did their own research, they did find previous studies on causes for bullying behaviors. These studies found that children from families in which they did not receive enough affection from their parents were more likely to bully others. Similarly, these studies found that if the child had a good, open relationship with their parents, they were less likely to be bullied themselves. Another finding the authors mentioned was that children who had good parents to look up to had a lesser chance of bullying others. The teachers also play a roll in the amount of bullying in the schools. Studies found that if the teachers were more involved with the students and offered encouragement, then the amount of bullying at the school would lessen. Some phycological studies found that children who are depressed themselves are more likely to bully other children.

This study differs from previous studies on bullying because it is focused on one ethnic group. Other studies have not focused on a particular group, especially not North American Indigenous children. All of the previous studies offer solid information, but this study wants to focus specifically on North American Indigenous children. The previous studies are helpful to the current study because they offer general factors that contribute to children being bullied or bullying other children. This study will use the prior knowledge and see how it applies to their sample of Northern American Indigenous children in particular.

The authors hypothesize that bullies learn their behavior from bad parenting. They also hypothesize that the bullies will bully others only if they are in a higher level than the other person, but if the other is in a higher class of some sort then they will be bullied. They also hypothesized that children who struggle with depression are more likely to become victims of bullying. Another hypothesis is that children in minority are more likely to be the victims of bullying. Some independent variables of the study included that they measured the amount of parental involvement with the child and how the family handled situations. They also asked the children about their school experiences. They also looked for signs of depression among the children as well as how the children perceived discrimination. Some dependent variables listed from the study were the children’s responses to being questioned about being a bully, or being the victim of bullying.  

The people in charge of this study used qualitative methods to gain information from the participants. Specifically, they conducted an in-depth interview with each of the children as well as at least one of their parents. This method can be very helpful because they can ask the participants whatever they need to know, and can ask for more details when it is necessary. Using this method, it is possible to gain a lot more information than is possible from other methods. A con of this method is that it is dependent on what the participant is willing to share. For instance, the participant can lie or avoid topics (Custer).

The sample method that they used for this study was volunteer sampling. Using a list of Northern American Indigenous families that they had acquired, they picked children from those families who fit into their desired age range for the study. Once they found a child that fit into their requirements, they reached out to the families and invited them to participate in the study. This technique can be effective because it is able to reach many people, however, this can lead to biased results. Hand selecting participants will only allow certain types of people into one’s study (Custer).

This study found that around sixteen percent of Northern American Indigenous children have been bullied, as well as around sixteen percent have bullied someone else. They also found that only around seven percent of the children had been both bullied as well as a bully. They also found that if a child was receiving more parental affection and positive attention from school faculty, then they would be more likely to be bullied rather than bully others.

The author discussed that this study may not apply to other regions, as there are many different cultures. Another limitation the author discussed was that their idea of bullying for the study was wide-ranging and not detailed to specific actions. This study succeeded in getting results that are specific to their targeted ethnic group. Another strength was that it got detailed information from the interviews with the children and their guardians.

References:

Custer, L. (n.d). Social scientific research process.

Melander, L., Hartshorn, K., & Whitbeck, L. (2013). Correlates of bullying behaviors among a sample of North American Indigenous adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 36(4), 675-684.

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